Iindlela ezi-7 zokwenza iiBhontshisi eziXhasa iimbotyi zokuNqa

Fumana Inombolo Yakho Yengelosi

Ukujongwa ngokubanzi kwiinkxaso zeembotyi ze-DIY kunye ne-bean trellises zokukhulisa iimbotyi zokukhwela. Iquka eyona ndlela ingcono yokukhulisa iimbotyi usebenzisa oosisi abathathu, ukulawula ukukhula kweembotyi, kunye nemiyalelo yokwenza i-bean teepee trellis kunye ne-double row bean trellis. Esi siqwenga sicatshulwe kwincwadi, Ukukhulisa iimbotyi



Eli phepha lisenokuba nekhonkco elidityanisiweyo . NjengoMdibaniso weAmazon ndifumana umvuzo ngokuthenga okufanelekileyo.

Iindidi zokunyuka zeembotyi - iimbotyi zepali - ngokuqinisekileyo zifuna uhlobo oluthile lwengcongolo, ipali okanye isakhiwo senethi ukuze sixhase. Izityalo zembotyi ezikhule ngokupheleleyo, ngakumbi ezinye zeentlobo ezinamandla kakhulu ezinamagqabi amakhulu aphekuzayo kunye neepodki ezinkulu, zinobunzima kwaye izixhaso kufuneka zomelele kakhulu. Kangangeminyaka emininzi ndichitha ixesha ndisenza izakhiwo endiqinisekileyo ukuba ziya komelela ngokwaneleyo, kuphela imini enomoya ukuziwisa phantsi.



Kwigadi yam yasemaphandleni, kujongeka kukugcina ukuba nezinto ezenziwe ekhaya, ngakumbi izixhaso zamaplanga kunye ne-bamboo. Ngokwesithethe izixhaso zeembotyi zazakhiwe ngeepali ezikopishiweyo, malunga ne-2.4m ubude (8ft) kwaye malunga ne-5cm (2in) ubukhulu emazantsi. Ndinesixa esaneleyo seehazel withies ezikhula kumthi omncinci kumhlaba wethu endinokuthi ndiwugawule xa ukhuni luluhlaza kwaye luthambile ngokwaneleyo ukuba lube zizixhaso ezigudileyo.

Sebenzisa iintonga ukwenza iTeepee yeembotyi

I-hazel pole teepee lolona hlobo ndiluthandayo lwenkxaso kwaye ndicinga ukuba lolona lulula kakhulu. Ibotshelelwe phezulu ngentambo eshinyeneyo ye-hessian, i-teepee ibonakala ilungile, kulula ukuyimisa kwaye yomelele kakhulu. Ngaphezu koko, kulula ukuhambahamba. Ukuba imozulu yekwindla ivala, izityalo zinokunqunyulwa kwisiseko kunye nento yonke, izibonda kwaye zonke zihanjiswe phantsi kwekhava ukuze zome.

Iipali zehazel zihlala iminyaka emibini okanye emithathu ngaphambi kokuba zibe brittle kakhulu. Namhlanje abantu abaninzi basebenzisa i-bamboo kodwa gcina ingcinga apho uqalo lufunyenwe khona. Kusenokwenzeka ukuba ithunyelwe ngenqanawa ukusuka kwisiqingatha sehlabathi. Ndinethamsanqa lokuba ummelwane unendawo enkulu ye-bamboo avuyayo kum ukuba ndimnciphise minyaka le.



Iimbotyi zibotshelelwe phezulu ngentambo

Yenza i-Bean Teepee Trellis

Njengoko igama libonisa ukuba izibonda okanye izibonda zihlelwe kwisakhiwo se-teepee kwaye ziboshwe phezulu ngentambo okanye ucingo. Ukuba i-teepee inkulu kakhulu, ngoko umhlaba ovelisa kakhulu ushiywe embindini. Ngaphandle koko, khulisa isityalo esikhawulezayo se-lettuce okanye i-radish kwindawo ephakathi. I-lettuce iyakonwabela ukufuma kunye nomthunzi okhulayo owenziwe zizityalo zembotyi ezincinci.

Ii teepees ezininzi ezincinci, nganye yakhiwe kwimigangatho emine okanye emihlanu, inokubekwa ngokulandelelana. Kuba ndikwathanda ukulima iindidi ezininzi ezahlukeneyo zeembotyi, kodwa zingekho zininzi kakhulu kudidi ngalunye, inkqubo ye ‘teepees-in-a-row’ ifanele ubungakanani bam besityalo. I-snag kuphela kukuba icala elinye lomqolo lifumana ilanga elincinane kunye nokukhanya.



I-double-row bean trellis yindlela yakudala yokukhulisa iimbotyi zokukhwela

Imibono eyongezelelweyo yeTrellis yeGadi yeVegetable

Uyenza njani iRow ephindwe kabini yeBean Trellis

Esi sisakhiwo sakudala kwaye sinemiqolo emibini yeepali okanye iintonga ezimalunga ne-45cm (18in) ukuqelelana kwaye zibotshelelwe phezulu ngomtya okanye ngentambo. Kwiindawo ezinomoya ovuthuzayo imiqolo kufuneka ibekwe ngokuqelelene ngakumbi malunga ne-60cm (2ft) - okanye nangaphezulu - njengoko oku kunika uzinzo ngakumbi. Kumqolo ngamnye, beka iipali okanye iinkonkxa malunga ne-22cm (9in) okanye banzi kancinane, ngakumbi ukuba iipali zakho zezeentlobo zembotyi ezinamandla ngakumbi.

Qhuba iipali kakuhle emhlabeni. Le ndlela ingcono ngepali eyongezelelweyo ecaleni phezulu ukunika amandla kunye nokuzinza. Ukongezwa kozinzo lokubopha imitya efana neentsontelo zomfo wentente kwisiphelo ngasinye ukugcina ulwakhiwo luphela. Kuhlala kusithiwa isakhelo kufuneka sibaleke kwicala elingasempuma-ntshona ukulinganisa ukukhanya kumacala omabini, kodwa ndifumanisa ukuba akwenzi mahluko ubonakalayo.

Iimbotyi ezikhuliswayo ziphinda zisetyenziswe iiphaneli zeegusha eziphathwayo

Sebenzisa izinto eziRecycled kunye neziNjongo kwakhona kwiZixhaso zeembotyi

I-trellis yenza inkxaso yembotyi egqwesileyo, ngakumbi ukuba isetyenziswe kwenye injongo. Ngentelekelelo encinci, zonke iintlobo zemathiriyeli esetyenzisiweyo kunye nezixhobo ezisetyenzisiweyo zinokujikwa zibe zizixhaso zeembotyi. Umnatha wokuqinisa osetyenziswayo kumsebenzi wokwakha, umzekelo, wenza inkxaso efanelekileyo, kwaye ukhawuleza ukugqwala kuloo mbala unomtsalane. Iibhedi ezindala zentsimbi okanye iileli zinokuxhonywa elucingweni okanye eludongeni. Ndineepaneli ezindala ezenziwe ngamatha eegusha kwaye ezimbini kwezi zixhaswe ngobude zenza isakhelo seembotyi esilunge kakhulu.

Iindidi ezininzi zeembotyi ezikhulisa i-bamboo bean trellis

Ukuvunwa kweePali zoMthi zokuXhasa iimbotyi

IHazel – kunye nezinye iintlobo ezininzi zomthi, umngcunube ilungile umzekelo - inokukhutshelwa ukunika iipali ezomeleleyo neziguquguqukayo. I-withy eneminyaka emibini ubudala idla ngokuba yinde ngokwaneleyo kwaye yomelele ngokwaneleyo. I-withies eguquguqukayo inokugotywa kwaye ilukwe kwii-arches okanye kwizakhiwo ezinje ngedome, ngakumbi ukuba awuwasusi onke amasebe asemacaleni, kodwa uwasebenzise ukuluka.

Khumbula ukusika iipali phakathi ukuya ekupheleni kuka-Matshi xa i-withies iya kuphenduleka kodwa ingekaphumi emagqabini. Ukuba uyawushiya de kube sekupheleni konyaka xa sele ulungele ukutyala iimbotyi, imithi iya kuba sele iqhekeziwe ibe ngamagqabi. Sika ama-withies kwi-engile, kwaye isiphelo esichongiweyo siya kutyhala emhlabeni ngokulula ngakumbi.

I-bamboo yinto eqhelekileyo yokwenza izixhaso zeembotyi

Ukusetyenziswa kweeCanes zeBamboo ukuXhasa iimbotyi

IiCanes zithe tye ngokugqibeleleyo kwaye zinokusikwa ngobude obude. Ziyakwazi ukumelana nemozulu kwaye zingahlala iminyaka. Iintonga ezishinyeneyo, ezinde ezilungele ukukhwela iimbotyi zinokubiza ukuba ufuna uninzi lwazo. Iinduku zoqalo nazo zinenzuzo enkulu yokuba xa isityalo sembotyi sigqityiwe, imidiliya emidala iya kutyibilika ngokulula kummoba ngamnye. Xa uchithe iyure okanye ngaphezulu uchola kabuhlungu amasuntswana eediliya ezomisiweyo ngaphandle komnatha okanye i-twiggy arches, uya kundibulela ngeli cebiso.

Khulisa iimbotyi kwiMaypole

Kwesi sakhiwo, ipali engqindilili, emide ephakathi iqhutywa emhlabeni. Kufuneka ibe nzulu kwaye yomelele. Emva koko iintambo ezibotshelelwe phezulu ziphuma njengemaypole kwaye zibotshelelwe emhlabeni. Iinzame zam kwesi sakhiwo azizange zibe yimpumelelo kakhulu, kodwa iinguqulelo zorhwebo zinokusebenza ngcono kunemizamo yam.

Yenza le arch yeembotyi ngeepali zehazel okanye zebirch okanye amasebe

Yenza iArch yeembotyi

Esi sisakhiwo esihle kakhulu, ngakumbi ukuba siphezu kwendlela. Iiarches zentsimbi yezorhwebo zezona zilula kwaye mhlawumbi zezona zikhuseleke kakhulu kwaye nangona zixabisa imali eninzi, ngokucacileyo zihlala iminyaka emininzi. Zinokuba nzima kwaye zingakwazi ukuhamba ukusuka kwenye indawo ukuya kwenye nangona ufuna ukujikelezisa izityalo. I-hazel edibeneyo okanye izibonda ze-birch zenza i-arch ekhangayo. Ngokukodwa ukuba zi-twiggy kwaye zinokulukwa zibe ngaphezulu kwe-arch form phezulu. Ukuluka kwakhona kunceda ukwenza i-arch izinze ngakumbi.

Metal Bean Ixhasa

Inkxaso yentsimbi ingalutyalo-mali olulungileyo ukuba ujonge ukulima iimbotyi unyaka nonyaka, kwaye ngakumbi ukuba ufuna iimbotyi ezikwiinkxaso zazo zibukeke zintle kwigadi yakho yemifuno (okanye nangasemva komda weentyatyambo). Inkxaso yeembotyi zetsimbi ebambeneyo, uhlobo olude lwesetyhula lunokuhanjiswa lula ngakumbi kunezakhiwo ezintsonkothileyo ze-arched.

Ibean trellis yentsimbi eyakhelwe injongo enenethi yehessian

Khulisa iimbotyi elucingweni

Ukuba unodonga okanye ucingo esele lukhona, ke ulungise i-trellis eqinileyo, esele ilungile okanye iipali ze-bamboo ezixhomekeke eludongeni. Ukuba isefu inokumiswa eludongeni okanye ecingweni, isenokwenziwa ukuba ijike ukusuka eludongeni. Ngethuba nje indawo yodonga ifumana ukukhanya kwelanga ngexesha elifanelekileyo lemini, iiyure ezingama-5-6, ngoko iimbotyi kufuneka zikhule ngokwaneleyo.

Ndinecandelo locingo lokubiyela ubungqina beegusha – ukubiyela ucingo olunezithuba ezibanzi – kwindawo enye yegadi yam, endithi ngamanye amaxesha ndiyisebenzise ukukhulisa iintlobo ezimfutshane zokukhwela. Ungasebenzisa ucingo oluhlaziyiweyo kunye neepali ezomeleleyo ukuze ulukhusele, kodwa uninzi locingo alude ngokwaneleyo ukukhwela iimbotyi.

Ungakhula iintlobo ezimfutshane zeembotyi kwi-mesh fence. Umfanekiso: Terry Howes

UkuFakwa kweNetha njengeNxaso zeBhotyi

Umnatha wezityalo ungathengwa ukukhulisa iimbotyi, kodwa kufuneka womelele ngokwaneleyo ukuze uthabathe ubunzima kwaye kwakhona, ukhuseleke kakuhle ukuze ungawi xa unzima kwizityalo zembotyi kunye nezityalo zazo. Ekubeni ndizama ukunciphisa inani leplastiki endiyisebenzisayo, ndikhetha ukungasebenzisi olu hlobo lwenkxaso. Njengenye indlela yeplastiki, i-jute twine nettings iyafumaneka

Khulisa iimbotyi usebenzisa indlela yoodade abathathu

Kwilizwe laseMelika, iimbotyi zilinywa ngesquash kunye nombona, ezaziwa ngokuba ngoodade abathathu-izithako ezintathu ezisisiseko sokutya kwesintu. Imbotyi ye-nitrogen-fixing isakhono ibonelela ngezondlo kwizityalo zombona kunye nesquash, ngelixa amagqabi esquash enika umthunzi kwiingcambu zezityalo ukugcina ukufuma kunye nokucinezela ukhula.

Iindiza zombona zingumqobo oqinileyo wokuba iimbotyi zikwazi ukukhwela phezulu, zijikelezisa izikhondo zazo zijikeleze isiqu sombona oswiti. Izityalo zomngqusho zijikeleza unyawo lombona kunye neembotyi emhlabeni. Kuba zombini umngqusho kunye neembotyi zidinga ukufuma okuninzi kwinqanaba lokuqhama kwaye zixhamla kwisondlo esifanayo, inkqubo yokunkcenkceshela inceda izityalo zombini.

KwiNdlela yoodade abathathu, iimbotyi zikhula umbona

Sebenzisa iimbotyi eziNgamandla kancinci kwindlela yoodade abathathu

Izityalo zembotyi ezikhula ngamandla ziyakongamela izityalo zombona oswiti kwaye zisenokuzitsala xa zinzima. Xa ndibona le ndibaniselwano ikhula eGuatemala, iimbotyi zijonge ukuba zifutshane, zisontekile, izityalo zembotyi zixhaphake kwiindawo ezomileyo, ezifudumeleyo zase Mzantsi Melika, zineepoda ezincinci, ezikhaphukhaphu, kunye nezityalo zombona zazinde kwaye ziqinile.

Ukukhetha imbotyi ekhwelayo ingekho mandla kakhulu kungabalulekile ukuba ufuna ukuzama indlela yoodade abathathu bokwenyani. Nangona kunjalo, ndiyabakhulisa oodade ababini kunye - ndilandela izityalo zomngqusho phakathi kweembotyi zam zokukhwela ukuze ndisebenzise kakuhle indawo kunye neenzuzo ezidityanisiweyo kuzo zombini izityalo.

Unganqanda iimbotyi ekukhuleni zinde kakhulu ngokucinezela amacebiso okukhula

Ukulawula Ukukhula kweembotyi

Ezinye zeembotyi ezinyukayo, ngakumbi iimbaleki, zinamandla kakhulu. Elinye iqhinga endilifundileyo kukwenza mfutshane ngokuzimpintsha xa zisezizityalo ezincinci, ukunciphisa ubude bokugqibela bezityalo nokwenza kube lula ukuzikhetha. Ndinikezela ngale ngcebiso yakudala yokulima kwintengiso, kodwa andiyenzi. Ndiyathandabuza ukuba ibangela ukuba izityalo zibeke amandla ekukhuleni amahlumela amaninzi asecaleni kunye nokulibazisa ukudubula kweentyatyambo kunye nokubeka imidumba.

Kwelinye icala, xa iimbotyi ziqala ukuphakama ukuya esibhakabhakeni, xa kuphela ixesha lokukhula, cima amagqabi aphambili okanye unciphise amanye amasebe okukhula, abhijelwe phezulu kwiipali. Ukusika izityalo emva ekupheleni kwexesha kukhuthaza izityalo ukuba ziphendule ngeentyatyambo ezininzi kunye nokuvuthwa ngokukhawuleza kweepods ezikhoyo ngaphambi kokuba imozulu iguquke. Kwakhona, nqumla nawaphina amahlumelo asecaleni angasebenziyo ukuze ukhuthaze imidumba emiselweyo ukuba ivuthwe. Ukunciphisa ukukhula okongeziweyo, kunye nokuchola amagqabi angaphezulu kuya kuba nebhonasi eyongeziweyo yokwandisa ukujikeleza komoya kubaluleke kakhulu.

Iimbotyi ezincinci azinyuki ngendlela ezikhwela ngayo iimbotyi. Umfanekiso: USusan Young

Iimbotyi ezingadingi Nkxaso yeembotyi

Inzuzo yeembotyi ezincinci okanye ezihlala ematyholweni kukuba azifuni nkxaso, nangona ingumbono olungileyo ukufaka amasebe amafutshane ukuze ugcine izityalo zithe tye. Ukuba iimbotyi ezincinci zifuna inkxaso nako kunokuxhomekeka kudidi. Iindidi ezincinci zeembotyi zerayisi, umzekelo, zizityalo ezixineneyo ezidla ngokuma zodwa, okanye zoyame nje kubamelwane bazo. Ezinye zeentlobo zakudala zembotyi ezincinci zithumela iimbaleki ezisiqingatha, okanye ihlumelo eliphambili elinokuthi ngamanye amaxesha libe yi-60-80cm (2-2.5ft) ubude kwaye lifuna ingcongolo emfutshane, kwaye ezinye iintlobo ezincinci zinkulu ezinabileyo ezifuna ukuxhaswa. .

Kwakhona, njengoko ukhangela imidumba oza kuyikha kwizityalo ezinqabileyo, zinokukhululeka emhlabeni kwaye ziwe ukuba azinankxaso. Enye ingcebiso kumhlaba wezityalo okanye ukuzisa enye i-compost eyongezelelweyo njenge-mulch kwaye uyigqume ngokujikeleze isiqu. Oku kunceda ukugcina izityalo ziqinile emhlabeni, kuphucula uzinzo kwaye kwakhona kuvuselela ukukhula kweengcambu.

Ukukhulisa iimbotyi , Ukutya kwabantu abasempilweni kunye nePlanethi

Iingxaki Zokutya Ixhama Iimbotyi

Kwigadi yam yamaxhama ayingxaki, njengoko eyingxaki kubalimi abaninzi kuMntla Merika nakwezinye iindawo ezisemaphandleni zaseBritani. Bawathanda ngokukodwa amagqabi eembotyi ezikhwelayo ezibanjelwe kumphakamo ozilungeleyo, ngoko ke kufuneka ndirhangqe isiqwenga seembotyi zam ngocingo oluphakamileyo olunetha ukunqanda.

Abanye bacebisa ukuba intambo yokuloba eyomeleleyo ibotshelelwe kumgama oziimitha enye phakathi kweepali zocingo. Kwakhona ndiye ndafumanisa ukuba ukulima umngqusho kunye ne-courgettes, ukuhamba phakathi kwezityalo zembotyi zam njengoko abantu baseMzantsi Melika benza, kunceda ekuthinteleni ixhama. Abathandi ukutya amagqabi amakhulu anoboya bentsapho yomngqusho kwaye ababonakali ngathi badlula kuwo ukuze bafumane iimbotyi.

Iimbotyi ezikhula isakhelo esomeleleyo sentsimbi kwigadi yombhali

Ukukhulisa iimbotyi nguSusan Young

Ukuthatha umhlala-phantsi kumsebenzi wokufundisa ezikolweni nakwiiyunivesithi kwavumela uSusan Young ukuba achithe ixesha elingakumbi ekulimeni, nasekukhuliseni imifuno. Uhlale iminyaka engama-20 edlulileyo kwiihektare ezimbini kwi-Wye Valley, kumda wesiNgesi-welsh. Inxalenye azigcinayo izitiya kwaye ezinye ziyigcina njengedlelo leentyatyambo zasendle. Yayingubhubhane kunye nokuvalwa, ixesha lokuphinda uphonononge kwaye uqhagamshele kwakhona, okwamkhuthaza ukuba abhale incwadi. Ukukhulisa iimbotyi kusekelwe kwiminyaka yamava kunye nomnqweno wokukhangela kunye nokukhulisa iimbotyi.

Fumana Inombolo Yakho Yengelosi

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