ULima njani iGarlic: ukutyala, ukunyamekela, kunye nokuvuna

Iingcebiso malunga nendlela yokukhulisa ikonofile kuquka iintlobo ezicetyiswayo, ukutyala ngokuthe ngqo nakwiimodyuli, ukhathalelo lwasemva, ukuvuna, kunye nokugcinwa. Ingcebiso isebenzisa iindlela ezisezantsi zegadi yendalo kwaye ibandakanya ividiyo malunga nendlela yokuluka ikonofile.

Eli phepha lisenokuba nekhonkco elidityanisiweyo . NjengoMdibaniso weAmazon ndifumana umvuzo ngokuthenga okufanelekileyo.

Esinye sezona zityalo zilula ukuzilimela egadini yigalikhi. Iqinile, inengxaki yezinambuzane ezimbalwa, kwaye phakathi ehlotyeni iya kukuvuza ngeebhalbhu ezininzi ezinokomiswa kwaye zisetyenziswe kwiinyanga ezintathu ezizayo ukuya kunyaka. Igalikhi ngenene sesinye sezona zityalo zivuzayo onokuthi uzilima kwaye isisiseko kwigadi yam yemifuno. Ayinangxaki, nto leyo ethetha ukuba uyayityala kwaye uyivune unomsebenzi omncinci phakathi.



Ukuba umtsha ekukhuleni ikonofile, uya kufumana ezi ngcebiso malunga nokuba ungatyala nini kwaye njani igalikhi iluncedo. Ndikwabandakanye iingcebiso malunga nendlela yokuvuna kunye nokugcina ikonofile kunye nendlela yokukhetha ukuba zeziphi iintlobo zegalikhi oza kuzikhulisa.



Ukukhula kweSoftneck Garlic

Igalikhi iza kwiindidi ezimbini eziphambili: 'Softneck' kunye 'neHardneck'. Bobabini baya kwenza iiclove zegalikhi ezimnandi kwaye uninzi lwabalimi banokukhula zombini ezi ndidi. Nangona kunjalo, kukho iiyantlukwano eziphambili kwindlela yokukhula nokuzinyamekela.

Abalimi abaninzi basekhitshini bakhula iintlobo ze-softneck kuba kulula ukukhula kwiindawo ezipholileyo, ukuvelisa ama-clove amaninzi, kwaye ugcine kakuhle. Kananjalo azenzi ii-scapes zegalikhi, ekufuneka zithenwe. Enye ibhonasi kukuba ungayityala ngaphandle ekwindla okanye entwasahlobo kuba ayifuni ixesha lokubanda ukuze iqale ukukhula ii-bulbs. Oko kuthetha ukuba ubaleka kade ngokufumana ikonofile yakho ekwindla, usenalo ixesha lokuyingena.



Isivuno salo nyaka ikonofile kanye emva kokuba ndiyigrumbe

Iivenkile zekonofile zeSoftneck zilungile kakhulu, kwaye ayiqhelekanga ukuba ndifumane isivuno segalikhi kunyaka ophelileyo kude kube sekupheleni kwentwasahlobo kunyaka olandelayo. Ndizigcina zombini zixhonywe kwaye zikhululekile kwizikhongozeli, kwaye kwenye indawo eyomileyo kwaye kubushushu begumbi elipholileyo. Iintamo ezomileyo zeSoftneck zegalikhi zithambile kwaye zithambile kwaye zinokulukwa ngokulula. Ikonofile oyibona kwivenkile enkulu okanye ijinga kwiibradi zokuhombisa phantse isoloko ithambile. Nazi ezinye iintlobo ezidumileyo zokulima:

I-Hardneck ikonofile yomiswe kakuhle kwaye igcinwe kwiingxowa okanye kwiibhasikithi kodwa unako ukugcina i-softneck kunye negalikhi yendlovu ngale ndlela.



Ukukhula Hard Neck Garlic

Iintlobo zeHardneck ngokoqobo zinentamo eqinile. Le ntamo ihluma ‘igalikhi scape’ ekufuneka ichetywe xa ibonwa ehlotyeni. Ukuyiyeka kunokwenza isityalo sibe buthathaka kwaye sinciphise ubukhulu beebhalbhu zakho. Ngethamsanqa, imnandi kwaye ingasetyenziselwa ukupheka. Ukuba ushiya le scape ikhula, iya kuthi ekugqibeleni iguquke ibe yi-bulbils, i-cloves ezincinci ezidliwayo zegalikhi.

Isiqwengana segalikhi malunga nenyanga phambi kwexesha lokuvuna

Nangona ingakhuliswanga ngokuqhelekileyo ngumgadi wegadi wasekhitshini waseBritane, iintlobo ze-hardneck kuthiwa zinencasa entsonkothileyo kwaye zithathwa njengegourmet. Ziyakwazi nokubanda kakhulu kune-softneck ukuze zifaneleke ngakumbi ezo zikhula ikonofile kwiindawo ezibandayo.

Yiyo loo nto uza kubona i-hardneck ikonofile ithandwa kakhulu kwiindawo ezinobushushu obupholileyo basebusika, njengeCanada kunye neenxalenye zase-USA. Kwakhona badinga iiveki ezi-4 ukuya kwezi-6 zobushushu obubandayo (phantsi kwe-5⁰C (40⁰F) ukuze baqalise ibhalbhu ukuze yenze.

Igalikhi iyawuthanda umhlaba otyebileyo ofumileyo kodwa ongekho manzi kakhulu

Elona xesha lilungileyo lokutyala igalikhi kukwindla

Igalikhi idinga malunga neenyanga ezintandathu ukuya kwezisibhozo ukuze ivuthwe kwaye elo xesha lifikelela ekupheleni kukaJuni ukuya kuJulayi. Oko kuthetha ukuba ukuba utyala igalikhi yakho ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo, isenokungabi nalo ixesha elininzi lokukhula nokugcwalisa njengoko bekuya kuba nako xa utyala ekwindla. Oku kusebenza kuzo zombini iintlobo ze-softneck kunye ne-hardneck, nokuba kuthiwa 'kukutyalwa kwentwasahlobo' okanye akunjalo.

Elona xesha lilungileyo lokutyala ikonofile lisukela ekupheleni kukaSeptemba ukuya ekupheleni kukaNovemba, ngokusisiseko kwinyanga ngaphambi kweqabaka yakho yokuqala. Ukuba uyawafumana ngelo xesha, uya kubona i-hardneck i-garlic amahlumela kunye namaqabunga ngaphambi kweKrisimesi. I-Softneck ithatha ixesha layo kum kwaye andilindelanga ukukhula kubo kude kube nguJanuwari, kungakhathaliseki ukuba bangene ekwindla.

Amagaqa egalikhi agqagqaniswe ngokwemiqolo kwaye aza kugqunywa emhlabeni

Indlela yokutyala iGarlic

Ukuba uyala igalikhi entsha, iya kufika kwiibhubhu, ungazihluli zibe yi-clove uze ulungele ukutshala. Xa ukhona, qhawula ngobunono ii-bulbs zibe yi-cloves ngabanye kwaye uzityale ngokuthe ngqo emhlabeni malunga ne-6-12 intshi ukuhlukana. Imiqolo kufuneka iqelelene nge-12″ ukuze kube lula ukuhlakula kunye nokunyamekela. Gcina ukhumbule ukuba okukhona unika igalikhi indawo eninzi, kokukhona iba nkulu ibhalbhu yokugqibela! Kwakhona, i-clove nganye kufuneka ibe nentwana yesiseko sebhalbhu yoqobo esaqhotyoshelweyo. Ngaphandle kwayo, i-clove ayiyi kukhula.

Tyala i-clove nganye ngesiphelo esitsolo sincamathele phezulu. Esi siphelo sitsolo sinokutyalwa ukuze sincamathele phezulu nje emhlabeni okanye kude kube kude njenge-intshi emhlabeni. Ukuba ugquma ama-cloves ngomhlaba ke mancinci amathuba okuba iintaka ziwakhuphe zicinga ukuba ii-cloves ziintshulube. Iintaka zilamba ngakumbi ebusika kwaye zidume ngokutsala ikonofile kunye neeseti zetswele. Ukuba unemiba, kukho iindlela zobuntu gcina iintaka egadini .

Emva kokutyala, gcina indawo apho i-cloves ifumile kwaye unokubona amahlumela aluhlaza aya kuntshula kwiiveki ezimbalwa. Ezinye iintlobo zegalikhi zidinga ixesha elide ukubonisa naziphi na iimpawu zohlaza nangona kunjalo. Izihluma zegalikhi zibukeka zibuthathaka, ekuqaleni, kodwa ziqinile kwaye ziyakwazi ukukhwela zimanzi, umoya, ukubanda kunye nekhephu.

Igalikhi iya kukhula kwiintlobo ezininzi zomhlaba kodwa kufuneka ikhutshwe simahla kwaye ayizukukhula kakuhle ukuba umhlaba umanzi kakhulu. Ukuba unexhala malunga negadi yakho ye-boggy ngexesha lasebusika, unokutyala igalikhi kwiimodyuli.

Ukuba umhlaba wakho wegadi umanzi ebusika, tyala ii-cloves kwiimodyuli uze uzityale entwasahlobo

Ukutyala iGarlic kwiimbiza okanye iiModyuli

Nangona ndihlala ndikhokelela ekuhlwayeleni ikonofile yam kwiibhedi, ngamanye amaxesha ndiya kuyityala kwiimodyuli ukuya kwindawo ebusika ekhuselweyo ngakumbi. Ukuba ulindele imvula eninzi ebusika kwaye isitiya sakho sizaliswe ngamanzi, ngoko inokuba licebo elilungileyo nakuwe. Ukutyala igalikhi kwiimodyuli kukwayindlela efanelekileyo yokuba abantu abanobushushu obubandayo basebusika bakhule i-softneck garlic ngaphandle kokukhathazeka malunga nokuhlupheka kwabo kumhlaba obandayo kunye nekhephu. Ungayityala igalikhi kwaye uyikhulise kwindawo oyaziyo ukuba ayizukuba neqabaka.

Igalikhi eneenyanga ezintathu ubudala idubula ngasekupheleni kukaJanuwari.

Ukukhulisa igalikhi kwiimodyuli, gcwalisa i-2 ″ iimbiza okanye iimodyuli ngomxube wezinto ezininzi owenziweyo. Ungasebenzisa umgquba wasekhaya ngokunjalo. Tyala i-clove enye embizeni okanye kwimodyuli nganye ukuze incam ibe ngaphantsi nje komphezulu womxube wokubumba. Gcina ufumile kwaye ushiye ukukhula ebusika kwindawo enelanga ngaphandle. Oku kunokuba yindlu eluhlaza ebandayo, isakhelo esibandayo, okanye ibekwe nje kwipatio yakho okanye eludongeni lwendlu yakho ngaphandle.

Tyala izityalo ezincinci zegalikhi ngo-6-12 ″ ngaphandle kwegadi ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo. Ngeli xesha ndiya kubaqaphela ukuba baqala ukukhula kwakhona kwaye xa ndibakhupha kwiimodyuli iinkqubo zabo zeengcambu ziqhakazile, i-branching, kwaye ijonge indawo engakumbi yokukhula. Zityale kwinqanaba elifanayo nelo zikhulela kulo. Ziqinise emva koko ngokucinezela umhlaba ngeminwe yakho.

Ukugquma ikonofile ngomququ yeyona nto ingcono kwimozulu eyomileyo. Kwiimozulu ezimanzi, i-mulch ye-straw ingaba ne-slugs.

Gcina ikonofile iMulched kwaye ukhula lusimahla

Nje ukuba igalikhi ityalwe emhlabeni kulula ukuyinyamekela. Ndenza okuncinci kakhulu kwizityalo zam ngelixa zikhula ngaphandle kokuqinisekisa ukuba ukhula alukhuli phakathi kwesiqwenga sam. Ndikwaqinisekisa ukuba umhlaba abakhula kuwo usoloko ufumile. Oku kuthetha ukugquma phezulu komhlaba ngomgquba kunye nomhlaba.

Uninzi lwezilwanyana kunye neentaka ziya kuyishiya igalikhi ukuze ungabi nemiba emininzi kakhulu kubo. Ekuphela kwesifo sokwenyani endiye ndababona besihla naso ‘yirusi’ eluhlobo oluthile lomhlwa emagqabini. Ayiyonzakalisi ibhalbhu nangona kunjalo ukuba usondele kwixesha lokuvuna ungazikhathazi kakhulu. Ukuba uyayibona kwangoko kwisizini nangona inokuba yingxaki. Khuphuka amagqabi nje xa uyibona isenzeka kwaye uqiniseke ukuba uyawalahla kunokuba uwabeke kwimfumba yakho yomgquba.

  • Tyala ikonofile kumhlaba ongenawo amanzi onokukhanya okuthe ngqo kwelanga
  • Umhlaba awudingi ukuba nobutyebi benitrogen ekuqaleni. Kuphela kuxa igalikhi iqala ukuhluma entwasahlobo apho i-mulch ibaluleke kakhulu.
  • Yenza isigcina-kufuma esijikeleze izityalo zakho ngomququ, umgquba wekhowa, umgquba ovundisiweyo, okanye umgquba wasegadini. Inceda ukugcina umhlaba ungaphantsi otyebileyo kwaye ufumile kwaye ungenakhula.
  • I-Hardneck garlic iya kwenza i-scapes ehlotyeni inyanga ngaphambi kokuba kufike ixesha lokuvuna. Khetha i-scapes kwaye wongeze ekutyeni. Ukwenza oku kuqinisekisa isivuno esingcono segalikhi.

Le ikonofile sele ilungele ukuvunwa. Qaphela amagqabi asezantsi ajika abe tyheli.

Ukuvuna iGarlic ehlotyeni

Igalikhi ilungele ukuba ndiyimbe ekupheleni kukaJuni nasekuqaleni kukaJulayi. Ndizimba zonke kanye kwaye emva kosuku lokumisa elangeni, zithathe ukuze zome ngokupheleleyo egaraji. Ngoko wazi njani ukuba lixesha lokuvuna ikonofile? Ekuqaleni kwehlobo uya kuqaphela amagqabi asezantsi ezityalo eqala ukujika abe tyheli - oko kubonisa ukuba sele lisondele ixesha lokuvuna. Zama ukunkcenkceshela izityalo kakhulu kwinyanga yokugqibela yexesha labo lokukhula kuba oko kunokunciphisa incasa yama-clove.

Xa umzantsi wesithathu wamagqabi utyheli lixesha lokuwagrumba. Ungalinda de amagqabi amaninzi abe tyheli, kodwa ukushiya ikonofile ukuba ikhule ixesha elide kunokukhokelela kwisivuno esingcono. Amagqabi aluhlaza asempilweni athetha ukuba isityalo sisakhula.

Igalikhi eyomileyo de amagqabi ayo aluhlaza abe mdaka kwaye abe crispy

Ukomisa ikonofile yokuGcina

Ngosuku olomileyo, sebenzisa ifolokhwe yegadi ukutsala ngobunono igalikhi phezulu. Gcoba umhlaba kangangoko unako kwaye ushiye ikonofile ukuze yome emva kwemini elangeni. Musa ukuzihlamba ngamanzi kuba kunokubangela ukuba ii-bulbs zonakale. Emva koko, setha igalikhi kwisikrini, itafile, okanye enye indawo eyomileyo kwaye uvumele ukuba yome ngokupheleleyo. Usenokubophelela ikonofile ibe zizithungu kwaye uyomise emoyeni. Enye into esebenzayo kum kukulahla igalikhi ngokungathandabuzekiyo kwibhokisi yekhadibhodi kwaye uyibeke kwindawo eyomileyo, njengegaraji.

Ukuba uceba ukudibanisa igalikhi kunye, kufuneka ugcine amaqabunga aluhlaza kwigalikhi kwaye uvumele amahlamvu ukuba ome ngokupheleleyo. I-Hardneck ikonofile ayilukwa lula ngenxa yesiqu sayo esiqinileyo ukuze uyinqumle amahlamvu nokuba ngaphambi okanye emva kokuba uyomise.

Kungathatha iiveki ezimbalwa ukuba ikonofile yome ngokupheleleyo. Oko ukukhangelayo akukho phawu lokunyakama kunye namagqabi omileyo, ukuba ushiye amaqabunga. Ngeli xesha, uhlambulula igalikhi kuwo nawuphi na umhlaba oseleyo. Iingcambu ezingcolileyo kunye nezikhumba zegalikhi ziya kuhlambulula kakuhle ngokuxubha nje ngeminwe yakho kwaye ukhuphe ngobumnene naziphi na iziqwenga ezingcolileyo zesikhumba sephepha. Unako kwakhona ukucheba iingcambu kweli nqanaba ukuba unqwenela.

Ukuba ufuna ukubopha igalikhi, shiya amagqabi kwigalikhi njengoko yomile. Ngala magqabi omileyo uwaphotha kunye.

Ukugcina iGarlic yaseKhaya

Ngoku kukho iindlela ezimbalwa zokugcina igalikhi. Indlela yesintu kukuphotha (braid) igalikhi kwaye uyigcine ijinga endlwini. Unokwenza oku, kodwa akuyomfuneko. Igalikhi ikwagcina kakuhle kwiibhaskithi, iingxowa, okanye iitreyi ukuba kukho ukuhamba komoya okuninzi kwisingxobo. Ukuba ukhetha le ndlela, kulula ukuba unqumle amahlamvu kwigalikhi malunga nesiqingatha se-intshi ukuya kwi-intshi epheleleyo ngaphezu kwentloko yegalikhi.

Kungakhathaliseki ukuba udibanisa igalikhi okanye uyigcina kwizikhongozeli, into ebalulekileyo kukuba yome ngokupheleleyo kuqala kwaye emva koko igcinwe kwindawo enomoya kwiqondo lokushisa kunye nelanga elithe ngqo kunye nokukhanya. I-10-20C (50-68F) lolona luhlu lobushushu bokugcina ikonofile.

Amaqondo obushushu abandayo anokubangela ukuba intshule kwaye ukufuma kungakhuthaza ukungunda nokubola. I-softneck garlic ingahlala kwiinyanga ze-6-12 ukuba igcinwe ngokufanelekileyo kunye ne-hardneck ukusuka kwiinyanga ezi-3-6. Ungasebenzisa ezinye zeegawuli zakho zegalikhi ezivuniweyo ukuze ukhule izityalo zonyaka ozayo. Oko kuthetha ukuba nje ukuba utyale imali kwigalikhi, ungaqhubeka nokukhula unyaka nonyaka ngaphandle kweendleko ezongeziweyo.

I-Braiding Garlic yokuGcina

Emva kokuba uvune kwaye umise i-softneck garlic, kufuneka uyigcine igcinwe ngendlela eyandisa ubomi bayo kwaye ifanelekile. Yingakho igalikhi ihlala iphothiwe kwaye ixhonywe ekhitshini. Ukuba ikufuphi nalapho upheka khona, kulula ukuthatha intloko yegalikhi xa uyifuna. Ukuba ikhitshi lakho lifudumala kakhulu kune-68F (20C), cinga ngokugcina ikonofile yakho kwi-pantry okanye kwelinye igumbi.

I-Plaiting, okanye i-braiding, i-garlic ifana ne-French braiding iinwele ukuba ukhe wenza oko. Uqala ngeentloko ezintathu zegalikhi kunye namagqabi azo omisiweyo athambileyo. Ndizibopha kunye ukuze zibe lula emva koko ndiqale ukuzibopha, ndongeza ikonofile entsha njengoko ndisebenza. Jonga le vidiyo ingentla ukuze ubone indlela yokuluka ikonofile.

Ukuphefumlelwa kweGadi yeVegetable ngakumbi kuwe

Amanqaku Umdla