Ulinywa njani iPineberries – Amaqunube amhlophe aneCitrus Kick

Fumana Inombolo Yakho Yengelosi

Iingcebiso kunye namaqhinga endlela yokukhulisa amaqunube okubandakanya indawo avela kuyo, iingcebiso zokulima, kunye nokuvuna. I-Pineberries imhlophe ukuya kwi-blush-pinki amaqunube afana namaqunube abomvu aqhelekileyo kwincasa kodwa ngokukhaba kwesitrasi. Zikwalula ukukhula kwaye ziyanda kakhulu!



Eli phepha lisenokuba nekhonkco elidityanisiweyo . NjengoMdibaniso weAmazon ndifumana umvuzo ngokuthenga okufanelekileyo.

Ndikhe ndatyala amaqunube amhlophe, awaziwa ngokuba ngamaqunube Fragaria x ipayinapile , iminyaka emininzi ngoku. Ngumhlanganisela omhlophe wequnube okhula ngendlela efanayo namaqunube abomvu aqhelekileyo kodwa anomahluko omkhulu. Eyona nto iphambili kukuba bayakwazi ukuzala, bakhuphisane ngakumbi, kwaye bavelise amaqunube amhlophe amancinci ukuya kubukhulu obuphakathi endaweni yobomvu. Amaqunube anencasa yesitrasi kancinane abathi abanye ifana nencasa yequnube kunye nepineapple-kungoko kubizwa ngokuba yipineberry. Kukho izinto ekufuneka uzazi phambi kokuba uqalise ukuzityala. Zombini izinto ezintle kunye nezinto ekufuneka uzilumkele. Ezi zilandelayo zingcebiso zam malunga nendlela yokulima amaqunube okubandakanya ukuba avela phi, ukuvuna, kunye neendlela ezilungileyo endizifumeneyo zokuzisebenzisa ekutyeni.



Ukukhulisa amaqunube kufana nokukhulisa amaqunube, kwaye ukuba uyenzile loo nto, kuya kuba yimpepho. Ukuba awuzange ukhulise amaqunube ngaphambili, musa ukubila, kuba yenye yawo ezona ziqhamo zilula ukukhula. Nje ukuba izityalo zakho zisekwe, ungaqhubeka nokusasaza izityalo ezitsha kubagijimi. Oko kuthetha ukuba kwanokuba uqalise ngesityalo esinye sompayina, usenokuqinisekiswa ngamaninzi, okanye amakhulu, angakumbi oza kuwuzalisa isitiya kwiminyaka ezayo.

Pineberry Origins

Nangona iipineberries zafunyanwa eMzantsi Melika, zaye zakhuliswa ngakumbi eNetherlands kwaye zakhululwa njengeziqhamo zentengiso e-UK naseYurophu malunga no-2010. Ndikhumbula ndibabona okokuqala kwi-Marks kunye ne-Spencer iziqhamo okanye imifuno evenkileni! Ekuqaleni, amajikijolo abonakala njengesiqhamo esingavuthwanga ngenxa yombala wawo, kodwa ngokungafaniyo namaqunube angekavuthwa, amajikijolo anembewu ebomvu eqaqambileyo kunokuba aluhlaza. Inyama ithambile kwaye iswiti nayo kwaye mna ndafumana amava epayinapile samaqunube xa ndilunywa okokuqala. Kwabanye, incasa njengequnube elingaswiti-switi lasegadini elinokukhatywa kwesitrasi.

I-Pineberries ayiyona i-GMO kodwa isiphumo sokudluliselwa kwe-pollination. Ngumxube weentlobo ezimbini zequnube: iqunube laselwandle (Fragaria chiloensis) elisuka eChile kunye nequnube lasendle (Fragaria virginiana) elikhula ngapha eMntla Melika. Ukuzalana okukodwa phakathi kwezityalo ezimbini zepineberry eziveliswe ngamaqunube amhlophe amnandi. Njengamanye ama-hybrids, nangona kunjalo, imbewu evela kwi-pineberries ayiyi kuvelisa izityalo ezinamaqunube amhlophe. Yiyo loo nto kufuneka ukhule amaqunube kwizityalo, kunokuba ukhule kwimbewu.



I-pineberry evuthiweyo elungele ukonwatyiswa

Qala iiPineberries kwiZityalo, hayi iiMbewu

Xa ama-pineberries aqala ukwaziswa kwiimarike awukwazi ukucela, ukuboleka, okanye ukweba izityalo kwaye wonke umntu wayefuna ukuzikhulisa. Kule mihla, kulula kakhulu ukuzifumana kunye nokongezwa okugqibeleleyo kwigadi yakho yamaqunube. Nangona kunjalo, ngokolwazi olungentla, ukuba ufuna ukulima amaqunube, kuya kufuneka uqale ngezityalo, hayi imbewu.

Ukuba ubona imbewu yepineberry ithengiswa eAmazon okanye kwenye indawo nceda ungazithengi. Nokuba zivunwe kwiipineberries zokwenyani, mancinci amathuba okuba izityalo ezikhula kuzo ziya kuvelisa amaqunube amhlophe. Kwaye ewe, oko kuthetha ukuba imbewu evunwe kumaqunube ethengwe kwiimarike zomfama ayisayi kukhula ibe zizityalo zepineberry.



Izityalo zequnube ezinengcambu ezingenanto zifika kungekho mhlaba ujikeleze iingcambu zazo

Esam isiqwenga esikhulu sivela kwizityalo ezithandathu endathi umhlobo wam wandinika zona ngo-2013. Ukhe wazama ukuzikhulisa kwipolytunnel yakhe kodwa wathi abamveliselanga amaqunube (ngaphezulu koko kamva). Le yeyona ndlela ilungileyo yokufumana izityalo zepineberry! Ke, ukuba kukho umntu omaziyo onazo, ndincoma ukuba ubabuze ezimbalwa. Baza kukunika ngaphezulu kweshumi elinesibini simahla kuba iipineberries zivelisa i-LOT yeembaleki minyaka le. Usenokuthembisa ukwenza isityalo okanye ukutshintshwa kwembewu nabo.

Ukuba awumazi umntu ozikhulisayo, kuya kufuneka ukuba uodole kwi-nursery yezityalo. Eyona ndlela ingabizi kakhulu kuku-odola izityalo ezingenangcambu ebusika. Ukuba awukwazi ukuzifumana njengengcambu engenanto, ke nazo ziza njengezityalo ezifakwe embizeni kodwa ziya kuba zibiza kakhulu. Nokuba yeyiphi na indlela, zihlala zithengiswa zodwa okanye njengeeseti ezintlanu ukuya kwelishumi. Ndingaqala ngabambalwa nje. Awuyi kufuna ezininzi kuba ziya kuvelisa izityalo ezininzi ngeembaleki kunokuba uya kuze uzifune.

I-Pineberries iqala ukuvuthwa ngexesha elifanayo ngoJuni ukuzala amaqunube

Fumana izityalo zePineberry

Uninzi lwamaziko egadi akunakwenzeka ukuba agcine izityalo zepineberry nangona zikhula ngokuthandwa. Ukuze uzifumane, kuya kufuneka ukuba uziodole kwindawo yogcino lwezilwanyana eyincutshe okanye kwimithombo ethembekileyo esele ikhulile. Kukho iindidi ezimbalwa phaya ngoku nazo eziquka i-Snow White, i-White Dream, i-White Carolina, i-White Pine, i-White Albino, i-Wonderful, i-Albino yeNdalo, kunye ne-White D. Ezimbini zokuqala zeentlobo ozifumana ngakumbi eYurophu kunye abanye kuMntla Merika. Ngamanye amaxesha izityalo ziya kubizwa ngokuba yiPineberry ngaphandle kwegama elahlukileyo.

Enye into ekufuneka uyikhumbule kukuba kukho iintlobo zequnube ezimhlophe zealpine phaya. Ezi ayingowamaqunube, kodwa amaqunube amancinci asendle amhlophe xa evuthiwe. Amaqunube mancinci, imbewu iya kuba tyheli xa ivuthiwe, kwaye inenyama encinci kunye nembewu eninzi. Khange ndizame kodwa ndiyathandabuza ukuba zimnandi.

Imithombo ethembekileyo yokufumana amaqunube aquka iHirts Garden Store (USA) abathengisayo kwiAmazon kunye noThompson & Morgan, J. Parkers, okanye iCrocus e-UK. Kwakhona, qinisekisa ukuba uthenga izityalo, hayi imbewu, kwaye usoloko ufunda uphononongo.

I-Pineberries ivuthiwe xa zonke iimbewu zibomvu

Indlela yokukhulisa iPineberries

Nje ukuba ube nezityalo zakho okanye izityalo ezingenanto, lixesha lokuba zityalwe. Ngezityalo ezingenanto-engcambu ezifika ebusika, landela imiyalelo endiyinika yona ekuqaleni le vidiyo . Ukuba iingcambu zibonakala zomile kancinci, ungazicwilisa kangangemizuzu elishumi ukuya kwelishumi elinesihlanu phambi kokuba uzibeke ngembiza okanye uzityale. Unokutshala izityalo ezifakwe emanzini nangaliphi na ixesha lonyaka, ukubonelela ukuba umhlaba awukhenkcezi kwaye / okanye ugqunywe kwikhephu.

Uyakuvuyiswa kukwazi ukuba amaqunube akhula kakuhle kumhlaba ovulekileyo nakwizikhongozeli. Bakhula kancinci bavuya kakhulu egadini, ngokombono wam, kwaye kulo busika ndasusa zonke izityalo, zombini i-strawberry kunye ne-pineberry, kwi-patch yam ye-strawberry ekhoyo. Kungenxa yokuba i-pineberries yaginya zonke ezinye izityalo ze-strawberry kwaye akukho sityalo esinye esivelise amajikijolo abomvu kunyaka ophelileyo! Ukuqwalasela oku, ndincoma ukukhula kwe-strawberries kunye ne-pineberries ngaphandle.

Ngenxa yokuba i-pineberries yomelele, ndikwacebisa ukuba ukhule ama-pineberries kwizikhongozeli. Ungabakhulisa kwindawo entle imbiza yequnube yeterracotta okanye ku I-Strawberry Pallet Planter . Ngokubanzi, khulisa amaqunube njengoko ubuya kwenza ukutyalwa kwamaqunube abomvu:

  • Ifuna indawo elangeni eligcweleyo
  • Tyala kumhlaba otyebileyo ogalelwe umgquba
  • Ungatyali nzulu ngaphezu komphezulu wesithsaba
  • Gcina unkcenkceshelwe kakuhle
  • I-mulch nge-straw xa amaqunube eqala ukumila
  • Thatha amanyathelo okhuseleko kwi-slugs
  • Umnatha wezityalo xa amaqunube enza ukuba zikhusele kwiintaka
  • Yondla izityalo ngokufaka umgquba ophezulu ekwindla ukuya ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo

Kangangeminyaka ndilima amaqunube kule bhedi ngenetha ewakhusela ehlotyeni

Iingcebiso zokuLima iPineberry

Usenokuba uvile ukuba enye yeengenelo zokulima la maqunube anolusu olumhlophe kukuba izilwanyana azicingi ukuba sele evuthiwe yaye azinakuwatya. Oku kuyinyani kuphela kuba i-slugs yingxaki enkulu. Ukugcina izityalo zifakwe kwi-mulch kunye nokususa nawaphi na amajikijolo abolileyo kunceda ukunciphisa oku. Zama ukunciphisa inani le-slug elijikeleze izityalo zakho ngokusebenzisa imigibe yebhiya, iipellets ze-slug eziphilayo , okanye ukuzikhetha ngesandla.

Inye into endiyiqapheleyo ngamaqunube am kukuba awavelisi amaqunube kunyaka wawo wokuqala. Umhlobo wam owandinika izityalo zakhe wancama ezakhe kanye xa zaziza kuvelisa isivuno esikhulu! Ukusukela kunyaka wabo wesibini ukuya phambili baye bavelisa amaqunube amaninzi ngaphezu kokuba bendinokuba nalo ixesha lokukha. Kwakhona, nangona amaqunube abomvu emveli avelisa kakhulu kwiminyaka yawo embalwa yokuqala kwaye afuna ukutshintshwa emva koko, amaqunube abonakala enemveliso iminyaka emininzi kunoko.

I-Pineberries ikwangabavelisi abaninzi bamaqunube kuba luhlobo olugqithisayo lwamaqunube. Oko kuthetha ukuba banokuqhubeka bevelisa amaqunube okoko nje befumana ilanga elifudumeleyo (lingatshisi kakhulu), ukunkcenkceshela rhoqo, kwaye kukho izinambuzane ezijikeleze iintyatyambo. Amajikijolo lonke ixesha lasehlotyeni ayiyonto imbi.

Amaqunube avuthiweyo amhlophe kodwa anembewu ebomvu eqaqambileyo

Zivuthwa nini iiPineberries?

Kuqala kunzima ukwazi ukuba sele evuthiwe nini kuba amaqunube amhlophe xa engekavuthwa KWAYE evuthiwe. Umhlophe uqala ngokuluhlaza-mhlophe kwaye uvuthwa kumhlophe okhrimu. Eyona ndlela yokwazi xa i-pineberries ivuthiwe kukujonga imbewu kwiqunube. Xa zibomvu ngokuqaqambileyo, iqunube livuthiwe. Inyama ithambile kule ngongoma, kwaye ukuba ushiya amajikijolo kwisityalo ixesha elide ngokwaneleyo, kwaye elangeni, inyama emhlophe iya kujika i-pink.

Ukuvuna amaqunube kunokuba nzima ngakumbi kunamaqunube kuba isiqhamo sincinci kakhulu. Nangona kunjalo, kunokubakho imithwalo yamaqunube amaninzi, ngoko ke amanani enza ubuninzi. Isiqwenga sam sinokuvelisa ngokulula isitya esikhulu sokuxuba esigcwele amaqunube rhoqo kwiiveki ezimbalwa kwixesha eliphakamileyo lepineberry.

  • Zivuthwa xa ulusu lutshintsha ukusuka eluhlaza-mhlophe ukuya kumhlophe okhrimu kancinci
  • Ukuba ishiywe kwisityalo, ulusu luya kuvuthwa lube bubomvu obupinki obukhanyayo
  • Amajikijolo asenokungabonakali kwisityalo kunyaka wokuqala.
  • Nje ukuba amajikijolo enziwe, faka i-straw okanye enye into phantsi kwayo ukuyikhusela kwi-slugs kunye nokubola.

Izityalo ezingaphakathi kwindawo yokutyala ipalethi yequnube ngamaqunube epayina kunye namaqunube ealpine

Xa iiPineberries zingena ngaphakathi

Ibali elimnandi. Xa utyala i-pallet ye-strawberry planter ye incwadi yam, iGadi yoMfazi (ifoto engentla), ndiyityale ngempazamo ngezityalo ezitsha zepineberry, kuneequnube zaseMara des Bois endizicwangcisele zona. Andikwazanga ukuqonda ukuba kutheni bengazange bavelise amaqunube ehlotyeni kwaye kwafuneka bathembele kancinci obomvu ukusuka kwisibini samaqunube e-alpine kule foto. Emva konyaka ndayiqonda into eyenzekayo xa ekugqibeleni zavuthwa. Amaqunube agqabhukileyo angena kwincwadi yam! Ndibone sele kusemva kwexesha kuba bethanda ukuqalisa ukuvelisa kunyaka wabo wesibini.

Unyaka kuBomi bePineberries

Unyaka ebomini be-pineberry kwigadi yam iqala entwasahlobo xa izityalo ezigqithise ubusika ziqala ukwenza amagqabi amatsha. NgoMeyi ziya kuba sele zidubule neentyatyambo ezincinci ezinamagqabi amhlophe iinyosi zobusi uthando! Badinga ukuthunyelwa kwembewu yesinambuzane ngoko ke qiniseka ukuba nayiphi na inethi okanye indawo ebekwe kuyo iyabavumela ukuba bangene. Nje ukuba amaqunube emile, ndiza kugalela iindiza okanye iikhreyithi zamaqanda ephepha ngaphantsi kwamaqunube ukuwagcina engekho emhlabeni. Ndikwazinatha ukuze zikhuseleke kwizilwanyana zasendle.

Ukuvunwa kwe 'Mara des Bois' amaqunube kunye namaqunube epayina

I-Pineberries iqala ukuvuthwa ngoJuni, malunga nexesha elinye njengamanye amaqunube, kodwa ngokungafaniyo nabathwali bakaJuni, baya kuhlala bedubula kwaye bavelise amaqunube ngokugungxula izihlandlo ezininzi ehlotyeni. Imozulu yam ipholile nangona kukho imvula eninzi kunye nelanga elipholileyo.

Embindini ukuya ekupheleni kwehlobo, amaqunube epayina aqalisa ukuthumela iimbaleki. Ezi ziziqu ezinde eziluhlaza eziya kumila emhlabeni, i-mulch, kwilaphu le-landscaping, kwaye ngakumbi evuthiweyo. iindlela zeplanga . Nje ukuba umiliselwe ngokuqinileyo, unokusikrazula isiqu esidityanisiweyo kwaye uzikhulise njengezityalo ezitsha! Zinike abahlobo bakho okanye wandise isiqwenga sakho samaqunube. Ababaleki banokukhawuleza bafake i-colonize ibhedi nangona ngoko ke zama ukususa izityalo ezitsha (ukuba zifake umgquba) ngonyaka ngamnye ekuqaleni kokwindla.

Ekwindla kunye / okanye ekupheleni kobusika ndifaka i-mulch pineberries kunye nomaleko we-intshi yesiqingatha se-compost, ndiqinisekisa ukuba awugqumi nayiphi na indawo yesityalo. Ukuba andizange ndikwazi ukucima bonke abagijimi kwaye yinkathazo epheleleyo (iyenzeka!) Ndiza kuchitha iyure okanye njalo. ukuqoqosha ibhedi yequnube . Ukugquma ngomgquba kuza emva kwalo msebenzi.

Ekuhambeni kwexesha isiqwenga sam samaqunube sivelise amaqunube amaninzi kunye namaqunube abomvu ambalwa

Ukuvuna kunye nokutya iiPineberries

Ndiyazi abanye abajonga amaqunube njengento entsha, endaweni yesityalo esiphambili. Ndiphantse ndasikrazula sonke isiqwenga sam kunyaka ophelileyo ngaphambi kokuba ndiqonde ukuba baneempawu ezintle kakhulu. Zithembekile, zivelisa amaqunube amaninzi, kwaye zivelisa isivuno esiqhubekayo ehlotyeni. Nangona kunjalo, xa sele uvuniwe, kufuneka usebenzise okanye ugcine ama-pineberries ngokukhawuleza. Azihlali ixesha elide njengamaqunube kwaye ziya kuqala ukumdaka kwaye zibumbe ngaphambi kokuba uyazi.

Ukukhenkceza yeyona ndlela ilungileyo yokuzigcina ngokoluvo lwam! Andiwahlambi amaqunube asandul’ ukukhiwa egadini yam kwaye nditsale i-calyx (intwana enamagqabi aluhlaza) ndiwabeke kwitreyi yokubhaka efakwe efrijini. Iiyure ezintandathu kwisikhenkcisi kwaye ungazikhupha kwitreyi uze uzigcine kwisingxobo okanye kwisingxobo seziplock.

Ungasebenzisa kwakhona amajikijolo kwiipayinari, nangona ndingacebisa ukuba uwaxube namanye amaqunube anemibala. Ndizamile ukwenza Ijam yequnube namaqunube odwa ngaphambili kwaye, nangona incasa yawo yayimnandi, yayiyijam embala-bala enganiki mdla kakhulu. Loo mbala ukhanyayo unokuba luncedo kakhulu nangona ngamanye amaxesha unokufuna incasa yequnube kodwa ngaphandle kombala opinki okanye obomvu. Ngokomzekelo, unokuzipheka ngeebhanana kwi-oats ekhawulezayo kwisitya esimnandi kunye ne-non-pink ye-porridge. Iipancakes yenye yeendlela zam endizithandayo zokuba nazo!

I-Pineberries kunye ne-cream ebomvu i-Mara des Bois strawberries

Ngakumbi Berry Gardening Inspiration

Ndinamaqunube amaninzi akhula egadini kwaye NDIYATHANDA izivuno ezimnandi ezithembekileyo abandinika zona unyaka nonyaka. Nazi ezinye iingcebiso zam zokuzalisa indawo yakho yokukhula ngeziqhamo ezingapheliyo kunye namaqunube nawo:

Fumana Inombolo Yakho Yengelosi

Bona Kwakho: