Indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwe-lye

Fumana Inombolo Yakho Yengelosi

Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya-zombini kunye nokuphatha i-lye.

Kwabo banomdla wokwenza isepha yendalo ekhaya, umbuzo oqhelekileyo uvela: ngaba unokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwe-lye? Ngelixa i-lye ifunekayo ekwenzeni isepha yokwenyani nge-saponification, abaqalayo bahlala befuna ukuphepha ukusebenzisa le nto ibangela. Iindaba ezilungileyo kukuba, kukho iinketho zokwenza isepha ye-DIY engabandakanyi ukuphatha i-lye ngokuthe ngqo. Eli nqaku liphonononga ukuba yintoni isepha yokwenyani, imbali yokwenza isepha, kunye neendlela zokwenza isepha eyenziwe ngesandla ngaphandle kwelye. Ibonelela ngamagqabantshintshi ngeesepha ezinyibilikayo kunye nokugalela, iisepha ezisekwe kwizityalo, kunye nokubuyisela isepha endala njengezinye ezikhuselekileyo nezilula. Ukuqonda ikhemistri yesepha kunye neengcebiso ezisebenzayo malunga nokwenza iisepha ezithambileyo, zendalo ngokwakho, qhubeka ufunda.



Njengomenzi wesepha, omnye wemibuzo eqhelekileyo endiyibuzwayo yindlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelyethi. Kuyinto eqondakalayo ekubeni abantu abaninzi besaba ukusebenzisa i-sodium hydroxide okanye i-potassium hydroxide (lye) kwaye banenkxalabo malunga neekhemikhali. Abanye bafuna ukwenza isepha ekhaya kunye nabantwana kwaye abafuni ukukhathazeka ngeengozi.



Kule minyaka mithandathu idlulileyo, ndiye ndaqalisa ukwenza isepha ebantwini, kwaye ndiyakuqinisekisa ukuba ufuna ukwenza isepha ebandayo, ungayenza. Abantu abaninzi abanxungupheleyo baye bawela isango lam, yaye ngamnye uyemka kungekuphela nje eziva ezithembile kodwa ephethe isepha eyenziwe ngezandla ezandleni zakhe. Ndifuna ukuba ube naloo mava, kodwa ukuqonda impendulo yendlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwe-lye, kufuneka uqonde ukuba yintoni isepha.

Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya. Ibandakanya indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zelye onokuzisebenzisa #ukwenza isepha

Yintoni isepha phofu

Isepha ichazwa kwichemistry njenge ityuwa ye-asidi enamafutha kunye a i-surfactant . Yinto etsala i-oyile kunye nentsila eluswini lwethu, iipani, okanye impahla, kwaye iyincede ukuba ihlanjwe emanzini. Enyanisweni, isepha yenza amanzi abe manzi.



Musa ukoyika phezu kwegama elithi chemistry, nokuba. Sithembele kwi-chemistry ubomi! Ukwenza isepha, kufuneka uqonde kancinci malunga nokuba kwenzeka ntoni, kwaye ukuba ufumana ukuthanda ukwenza isepha, ukufunda ichemistry ukwenza ngokwezifiso kunye nokwenza iiresiphi zesepha iza kulandela. Ukwenza ibhetshi yakho yokuqala, nangona kunjalo, nje landela imiyalelo yam , kwaye akukho mfuneko yokuba ukhathazeke ngezinto zesayensi.

Ikhosi yeBotanical Skincare Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya. Ibandakanya indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zelye onokuzisebenzisa #ukwenza isepha

Wenza isepha yendalo nge-saponifying oils kunye nelye. Oku kuqala ukwenzeka xa isepha ifika 'ekulandeleni'

Isepha xa ithelekiswa nesicoci

Uninzi ‘lwesepha’ ekusenokwenzeka ukuba uqhele ukuyisebenzisa asiyosepha yokwenyani kwaphela. Uninzi lweendawo zokuhlambela umzimba, iishampu, isepha yasekhitshini, imivalo yesepha, kunye nesepha yezandla elulwelo eneneni zizicoci. Izicoci zikwayi-surfactants, kodwa aziyosepha. Endaweni yoko, zenziwa kusetyenziswa iikhompawundi ezenziweyo ezifana neSodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) - izinto ezenza intlama yamazinyo ibe namagwebu kwaye icoce amazinyo akho. Kubantu abaninzi, ayinabungozi, kodwa i-detergents nayo ayiyondalo.



Kwanezitena zesepha okhule unazo okanye ozibona zithengiswa ezivenkileni zinokuba sisicoci. Eyona ndlela yokwazi kukujonga isingxobo. Ukuba awukwazi ukufumana igama lesepha kwileyibhile, akusiyo isepha. Ukuba ithi 'ibha yobuhle' okanye into enjalo, mhlawumbi yinto yokucoca. Imithetho iyalela ukuba ngabavelisi banokubeka ntoni kwiilebhile zabo, kodwa baya kwenza konke okusemandleni abo ukukukhohlisa.

Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya. Ibandakanya indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zelye onokuzisebenzisa #ukwenza isepha

Iibhetshi zesepha eyenziwe ngesandla ebandayo ehonjiswe ngamagqabi eentyatyambo

Ukuveliswa kwesepha

Akukho mntu waziyo ukuba yaqanjwa nini isepha, kodwa kwakumawakawaka eyadlulayo. Izazinzulu ziqikelela ukuba abantu bayifumene ngempazamo xa ioli eshushu evela kwimbiza yokupheka yawela kumgxobhozo omdaka ngaphantsi. Mhlawumbi umntu ophekayo ubone into entsha engaqhelekanga kwaye waqalisa ukuyilinga kwaye ezama ukubona ukuba bangaphinda bayenze na. Khumbula ukuba ezi zithako zithathu zibalulekile ekwenzeni isepha yamandulo – amafutha, uthuthu, namanzi.

Kwenzeka ntoni ukuyiguqula ibesepha? Uthuthu lwenkuni, xa lufakwe emanzini, ludala iPotassium hydroxide – uhlobo lwelye. Ukuba iphekwe ngamafutha, iqhekeza iamolekyu ngaphandle kwaye ibophe kunye nabo. Le nkqubo ibizwa ngokuba yi-saponification kwaye ikhokelela ekubeni isepha ibe yeyayo imichiza yendalo. Into ekhethekileyo eyenziwe ekhaya egcina imizimba yethu kunye namakhaya ecocekile kwaye ecocekile.

Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya. Ibandakanya indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zelye onokuzisebenzisa #ukwenza isepha

I-Caustic potash, ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-potassium hydroxide, yinto oyisebenzisayo yenza isepha elulwelo

Uyenza njani isepha (isepha yokwenyani)

Asisasebenzisi uthuthu lwenkuni ukwenza isepha kwakhona, kwaye ukuba ufumana isifundo esikuxelela ngenye indlela, nceda ungayizami. Akukho ndlela yokuba sazi ukuba ingakanani i-lye kulwelo lokugqibela ukusuka kwi-wood-ash leaching ukuze ibe buthathaka, kwaye ayiyi kwenza isepha, okanye iphakame kakhulu, kwaye iya kutshisa isikhumba sakho. Endaweni yoko, sisebenzisa iPotassium hydroxide kunye neSodium hydroxide evela kubathengisi besepha.

Ungasebenzisa ezi ntlobo zelye ukwenza isepha ukusuka ekuqaleni usebenzisa inkqubo ebandayo okanye iindlela zokutshisa. Isenokusetyenziswa ukwenza ezinye iintlobo zesepha yokunyibilika kunye nokugalela.

Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya. Ibandakanya indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zelye onokuzisebenzisa #ukwenza isepha

Isodium hydroxide yinto oyisebenzisayo ukwenza isepha yebha

Iintlobo zeLye

I-potassium hydroxide isetyenziswa kwindlela yenkqubo eshushu ukwenza uhlobo lwentlama yesepha. Unokuyihlambulula emanzini ukwenza isepha engamanzi yendalo emangalisayo , nangona ingeyoprojekthi ekhawulezayo. Isodium hydroxide yilye oyisebenzisayo yenza isepha yebha . Azikho ezinye izinto ezinokusetyenziswa endaweni yesodium hydroxide okanye i-potassium hydroxide ukwenza isepha.

Xa uzisa i-lye kumafutha kunye namafutha, iphula iimolekyuli kwaye ibophe kunye nabo, idala i-compound entsha - isepha! Ungayibukela isenzeka xa usenza isepha ukusuka ekuqaleni. I-oyile kunye ne-lye ziqala ukumanzi emva koko ziqale ukujika zijike kwaye zijike. Xa isepha ifika ku-'Trace', luphawu lwesiphumo esiyimpumelelo sekhemikhali yendalo. Uninzi lwe-lye lusetyenziswa ngelo xesha, kodwa emva kweentsuku ezimbini luhlala luguqulwa lube isepha. Yingakho isepha yendalo ayinayo i-lye xa uyisebenzisa. Loo lisepha ngoku.

Ngaphandle, ndisebenzisa i-sodium hydroxide yokutya - nangona i-caustic kwaye ewe, isetyenziselwa ukucoca i-drain, nayo ibalulekile kwezinye iindawo zoshishino lokutya. I-Pretzels ifakwe kwisisombululo se-lye esibuthathaka ngaphambi kokubhaka, kwaye i-lye isetyenziselwa ukucubungula i-cocoa kunye netshokolethi, phakathi kwezinye izinto. Ukuba ababhaki abanako ukoyika ukuyisebenzisa ekwenzeni ukutya, akufanele ukhathazeke ngokusebenzisa i-lye ukwenza isepha ethambileyo, eyenziwe ngesandla.

Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya. Ibandakanya indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zelye onokuzisebenzisa #ukwenza isepha

Nyibilika kwaye ugalele isepha ifika ikwimo eqinileyo oyinyibilikisayo, wenze ngokwezifiso, kunye nokubumba

Ngaba ungayenza isepha ngaphandle kwe-saponification

Ukuba konke oku kuvakala kunzima kuwe ngoku, unokubuza ukuba ungayenza na isepha ngaphandle kwesaponification. Impendulo emfutshane nguhayi - yonke isepha yokwenyani iqala njengamafutha kunye nelye. Ukuba ufuna ukwenza isepha ukusuka ekuqaleni, kuya kufuneka ucoce amafutha kunye ne-lye ukuyidala. Kukho indlela onokutsiba ngayo ukuphatha i-lye, nangona kunjalo.

Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya. Ibandakanya indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zelye onokuzisebenzisa #ukwenza isepha

Nantsi yam iresiphi yeNo-lye Sensitive Soap

Indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwe-lye

Indlela ephambili onokuthi wenze ngayo isepha ngaphandle kokuphatha i-lye ngokusebenzisa isepha enyibilikayo kunye nokugalela. Sele idlulile kwi-saponification (ioyile esabela nge-lye) kwaye ikhuselekile ukuyisebenzisa kwaye iphathe ngqo ngaphandle kwephakheji. Konke okwenzayo ngayo kukunyibilikisa, yongeza ivumba lakho, umbala, kunye nezinye izongezo, emva koko ugalele kwimibundo. Kulula-i-peasy kwaye iprojekthi ekhawulezayo kwaye iyonwabile kubantu abadala kunye nabancinci. Kukho kwakhona incwadi engakholelekiyo ephume nazo zonke iintlobo zeengcinga zendalo ukwenza umbala, ivumba, kunye nokwenza ngokwezifiso ukunyibilika kunye nokugalela isepha.

Isepha yokunyibilika kunye nokugalela iza kuzo zonke iindidi. Sula isepha ye-glycerin, isepha yobisi lwebhokhwe ekhrimu, i-palm-oyile yasimahla, uluhlu luyaqhubeka. Isepha yokunyibilika kunye nokugalela inokuba sisicoci, ngoko ke zilumkele izithako. Andicingi ukuba kukuqhatha ukusebenzisa i-m&p, kwaye yindlela entle yokuqalisa uhambo lwakho lokwenza isepha. Nditsho ndinayo iresiphi onokuthi uyizame .

Enye indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye kukusebenzisa izityalo ezityebileyo kwiisaponins . Konke okufuneka ukwenze kunye nabo kukufudumala iingcambu, amagqabi, kunye neziqhamo ezi zityalo emanzini kwaye zidala isicoci sendalo yonke ekhaya nempilo.

Intshayelelo yeyiphi isepha yendalo kunye nendlela ongayenza ngayo ekhaya. Ibandakanya indlela yokwenza isepha ngaphandle kwelye, kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zelye onokuzisebenzisa #ukwenza isepha

Jonga ukuba indlela yokubuyisela i-rebatching isebenza njani kule nto iresiphi yesepha yeparsley .

Ukubuyisela kwakhona

Kukho uhlobo lwesibini lwendlela yokwenza isepha ngelye. Abenzi besepha bakholisa ukuba nesepha emdaka-ngokusisiseko, iibhetshi ezingakhange zijike ngendlela obucebe ngayo. Enye indlela esiyenza ibe ntle kungo ukuyibuyisela kwakhona . Kubandakanya ukukrazula imivalo phantsi, ukuxuba namanzi amancinci, kwaye unyibilike kuhlobo oluthile lokuncamathisela. Emva koko, unokongeza umbala, ivumba, njl. kwaye utyhale intlama yesepha ibe ngundo. Kuya kufuneka wenze isepha ukusuka ekuqaleni, nangona kunjalo, ukuze yoyise injongo yotyelelo lwakho.

Ngaba ungayenza isepha ngaphandle kweekhemikhali

Ukuba usifundile esi siqwenga, uya kwazi ukuba yonke isepha yokwenyani yenziwe, ngenye indlela okanye enye, nge-lye - kodwa kwakhona, isepha eyenziwe ngesandla ayinayo i-lye. Ukuba yenziwe ngokuchanekileyo kunye neresiphi efanelekileyo, ke isepha eyenziwe ngesandla ithambile kwaye ingaba yikhulu leepesenti zendalo. Awukwazi ukuphepha i-lye ukuba ufuna ukwenza isepha ukusuka ekuqaleni. Ukuba uva ngenye indlela, loo mthombo awuchanekanga.

Ngokuphathelele ukuphatha ‘imichiza,’ ngokunyanisekileyo, yonke into yenziwe ngemichiza. Amanzi yikhemikhali, itshokholethi yenziwe ngeekhemikhali, amantshontsho ekati aziibhola ezifuzileyo ezikhupha imichiza. Ukuba uxhalatyiswa zizinto eziyityhefu, eziyityhefu, okanye ezinokubenzakalisa ubomi ngenye indlela, umhlaba wendalo uzele zizityalo neeminerali ezinokubulala ngeyona ncasa incinane. Phatha i-lye ngononophelo ngelixa uyisebenzisa, kodwa yazi ukuba isayensi isecaleni lakho. Akuyi kubakho i-lye kwisepha yakho xa igqityiwe ukunyanga .

Ukuba usenexhala, ndiyakukhuthaza ukuba uzame isandla sakho ngesepha enyibilikayo, kwaye ukuba umdla wakho udiniwe, khangela free 4-inxalenye soapmaking for abaqalayo series Ndiyathemba ukuba esi siqwenga siyiphendule imibuzo yakho kwaye ndikunqwenelela ithamsanqa elihle kwi-adventure yakho yokwenza isepha.

Isishwankathelo, ngelixa i-lye ifuneka ukuvelisa isepha yokwenyani nge-saponification, kukho iindlela ezifikelelekayo zokwenza iisepha ezenziwe ngezandla ngaphandle kokuphatha le nto ye-caustic ngokuthe ngqo. Iisepha ezinyibilikayo kwaye zigalele tsiba i-lye ngokusebenzisa iziseko ezifakwe ngaphambili. Iisepha ezisekelwe kwizityalo zisebenzisa iisaponins zendalo. Kwaye ukubuyisela ii-upcycles zesepha ezindala kwiibhari ezintsha. Ngamanyathelo okhuseleko afanelekileyo, i-lye inokulawulwa ngabaqalayo ukwenza iisepha zenkqubo ebandayo yendalo yonke. Kodwa kwabo bafuna ukuphepha i-lye ngokupheleleyo, iindlela ezixoxwe ngazo apha zivumela ukuyila kunye nemivuzo yokwenza isepha ye-DIY ngaphandle kwexhala. Ngokuqonda i-chemistry kunye nemveliso yale mveliso yakudala yokucoca, abenzi besepha abatsha banokufumana indlela ehambelana nezakhono zabo kunye namanqanaba okuthuthuzela ukwenza isiko, iisepha ezithambileyo ekhaya.

Umbuzo: Yintoni ukunyibilika nokugalela isepha?

A: Nyibilika kwaye ugalele isepha sisiseko sesepha esenziwe esele sinyibilikisiwe, esenziwa ngokwezifiso kunye nezongezelelo ezahlukeneyo njengeoyile ebalulekileyo kunye nemibala, kwaye emva koko igalelwe kwizibumba ukwenza iisepha zasekhaya ngaphandle kwesidingo sokuphatha i-lye.

Umbuzo: Ngaba ungayenza isepha ngaphandle kwelyethi?

A: Ewe, unokwenza isepha yasekhaya ngaphandle kwelye ngokusebenzisa inyibilika kwaye ugalele iziseko zesepha, ezenziwe kwangaphambili kwaye zikhuselekile ukuyisebenzisa ngaphandle kwesidingo sokuphatha i-lye.

Umbuzo: Zeziphi ezinye iiresiphi zesepha ezilula usebenzisa inyibilikisa kwaye ugalele isiseko sesepha?

A: Ezinye iiresiphi zesepha ezilula zisebenzisa inyibilika kunye nokugalela isiseko sesepha ziquka ukongeza iioyile ezibalulekileyo, imibala yendalo, okanye imifuno eyomisiweyo kwisiseko sesepha enyibilikisiweyo ngaphambi kokuyigalela kwizibumba. Unokufumana kwakhona iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokunyibilika kunye nokuthulula iiresiphi zeesepha kwi-intanethi.

Umbuzo: Yintoni inzuzo yokusebenzisa i-melt kwaye ugalele isiseko sesepha?

A: Inzuzo yokusebenzisa inyibilika kunye nokuthulula isiseko sesepha kukuba kuphelisa isidingo sokuphatha i-lye, okwenza inkqubo yokwenza isepha ikhuseleke kwaye ifikeleleke ngakumbi kubaqalayo. Ikwavumela uhlengahlengiso loyilo kunye namavumba ahlukeneyo, imibala kunye nezongezo.

Umbuzo: Ndiyiphatha njani i-lye ukuba ndifuna ukwenza isepha yesintu ukusuka ekuqaleni?

IMPENDULO: Ukuba ufuna ukwenza isepha yesintu ukusuka ekuqaleni usebenzisa ilyepha, kubalulekile ukuba ulandele amanyathelo okhuseleko afanelekileyo, njengokunxiba izixhobo zokukhusela nokusebenza kwindawo enomoya owaneleyo. Kunconywa ukuba uzifundise ngokucokisekileyo malunga nokuphatha i-lye kunye nenkqubo ebandayo yokwenza isepha ngaphambi kokuba uzame.

Q: Zeziphi ezinye iisepha zokubumba eziqhelekileyo ezisetyenziselwa ukwenza isepha yasekhaya?

A: Imibumbo yesepha eqhelekileyo esetyenziselwa ukwenza isepha yasekhaya ibandakanya ukubumba kwe-silicone, ukubumba ngomthi, kunye nokubumba kweplastiki. Imibumbo ye-silicone idume ngokunyibilika kunye nokuthulula isepha ngenxa yokuguquguquka kunye nokulula kokususa iisepha ezisetiweyo.

Umbuzo: Ndingasebenzisa iioyile ezibalulekileyo kwiiresiphi zesepha yasekhaya?

A: Ewe, ungasebenzisa iioyile ezibalulekileyo kwiiresiphi zesepha yasekhaya ukongeza amavumba endalo kunye neenzuzo zonyango kwiisepha zakho. Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukuphanda kunye nokuqinisekisa ukuhlanjululwa okufanelekileyo kunye nezikhokelo zokusetyenziswa kweoli nganye ebalulekileyo.

Umbuzo: Ngaba kunokwenzeka ukwenza iisepha ezininzi ngaxeshanye usebenzisa inyibilikisa kwaye ugalele isiseko sesepha?

A: Ewe, kuyenzeka ukwenza iisepha ezininzi ngaxeshanye usebenzisa inyibilikisa kwaye ugalele isiseko sesepha ngokunyibilikisa isixa esikhulu sesiseko sesepha kwaye usigalele kwizibumba ezininzi zeesepha ukuseta kunye nokwenza iisepha ezininzi ngaxeshanye.

Umbuzo: Zeziphi izithako zendalo ezidla ngokusetyenziswa kwiiresiphi zesepha yasekhaya?

A: Izithako zendalo ezidla ngokusetyenziswa kwiiresiphi zesepha yasekhaya ziquka ioyile yekhokhonathi, ioyile yomnquma, ibhotolo yeshea, ibhotolo yekoko, imibala yendalo efana nodongwe kunye nemifuno, kunye neeoyile eziyimfuneko zokuvumba. Ezi zithako zivumela ukudalwa kweesepha ezondlayo nezinevumba elimnandi ezenziwe ngezandla.

Umbuzo: Kuthatha ixesha elingakanani ukunyibilika nokugalela isepha ukuze ilungele ukusetyenziswa?

A: Nyibilika kwaye ugalele isepha ngokwesiqhelo ithatha malunga neeyure ezi-1-2 ukuseta kwaye ulungele ukusetyenziswa kanye xa igalelwe kwiziko lokubumba, ngokuxhomekeke kwisiseko sesepha esisetyenzisiweyo kunye nobukhulu kunye nobunzulu bobunjwa besepha.

Fumana Inombolo Yakho Yengelosi

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