Gcina iinyosi zethu: indlela ye-ID kunye nokunceda iinyosi eGadini

Fumana Inombolo Yakho Yengelosi

Chonga ukuba zeziphi iindidi zeenyosi ezihlala kwigadi yakho kwaye uzinike indawo efanelekileyo, ikhusi kunye nokutya. Ibandakanya ulwazi malunga neenyosi ze-Isle of Man kunye nehlabathi jikelele.

Ukuba bendikucela ukuba udwelise zonke iindidi zeenyosi ozaziyo, zingaphi onokuzichaza? Amathuba kukuba unokuthi iinyosi zobusi kunye ne-bumblebees. Isibini sisiqalo esihle kodwa ngokumangalisayo sineenyosi ezingama-75 ezahlukeneyo kwi-Isle of Man [1] . Ngaba ucinga ukuba kuninzi? I-United Kingdom inama-272, iUnited States inamalunga nama-4000, kwaye kwihlabathi jikelele kukho malunga neentlobo ze-20,000. [2] .



Eli phepha lisenokuba nekhonkco elidityanisiweyo . NjengoMdibaniso weAmazon ndifumana umvuzo ngokuthenga okufanelekileyo.

Intshukumo 'Yokugcina iinyosi' ibaluleke kakhulu kuba zonke iinyosi zisongelwa yimisebenzi yabantu. Nangona kunjalo, ithambekele ekugxininiseni ikakhulu kwiinyosi zobusi, i-Apis melifera. Siyacelwa ukuba sixhase abafuyi beenyosi, sithenge ubusi, sityale iintyatyambo ezityebileyo nge-nectar, kwaye siyeke ukusebenzisa i-neonicotinoid pesticides. Njengomgcini wezinyosi, ndicinga ukuba linyathelo elikhulu eliya phambili kodwa ndicinga ukuba lenza ezinye iintlobo zeenyosi ngokungekho sikweni. La mawaka eentlobo zeenyosi zasendle abaluleke kakhulu kwi-eco-system njengabazala babo be-rock star. Ngethamsanqa, zikho iindlela esinokubanceda ngazo.



Iinyosi zobusi

Ngaphambi kokuba siqhubele phambili kuzo zonke ezinye iindidi zeenyosi makhe sithethe iinyosi zobusi. Bahlala bebhidaniswa neebumblebees, hoverflies, kunye noonomeva. Ukwazi ukuba zikhangeleka njani kunokukunceda ukuba ubancede egadini, nokuba awunguye umgcini weenyosi .

  • Malunga ne-15mm (isiqingatha se-intshi) ubude
  • Imizimba eyahluleleneyo eneenwele ezintle ezigquma imizimba yazo
  • Idla ngokugqalwa ‘neengobozi zomthubi’ emilenzeni yabo
  • Ulwimi olufutshane, iintyatyambo ezinde zinokuba nzima kubo ukuba bazondle
  • Umbala uthande ukuba shushu ukuya kumdaka omnyama kunye nobusi ukuya kumbala otyheli
  • Iinyosi ezimnyama zaseBritane zinokubonakala zimnyama

Izinyosi zobusi zihlala kwiikholoni ezifikelela kwi-80,000 yezinambuzane ezinamandla ehlobo kwaye zinciphisa ukuya kwi-10,000 ebusika. Baquka inyosi eyindlovukazi enye, ehlala kwikoloni, amakhulu ambalwa eenqwelomoya, eziziinyosi ezingamadoda, kwaye ezinye ziinyosi ezingabasebenzi ababhinqileyo. Bangakhusela ngokukrakra ikhaya labo kunye nemveliso isixa esikhulu sobusi .

Nangona iinyosi ezininzi zobusi namhlanje zihlala kwizisele ezenziwe ngabantu, ikholoni iya kuhlala iqhekeka ibe yimbumbulu ekuqaleni kwehlobo. Ezi zihlwele ziya kubhabha ziye kuseka ikholoni yesibini kwaye zibonakala zitsalwa kakhulu kwiitshimini, uphahla, ii-attics, kunye neeshedi. Batsaleleke ngakumbi kwivumba lezinye iinyosi, ngoko ke ukuba ungathanda eyakho ikoloni, misela indawo yokuhlala egadini. Kungekudala isenokuzaliswa ziinyosi zobusi.



Iinyosi zobusi kwenye yeekoloni zam. Ezi zisuka kwiPrimrose kwaye zinebhendi emthubi ngaphezulu kuneenyosi ezihlala ebumelwaneni beBluebell

Iinyosi

Ngombulelo kwiilebhile zobusi kunye neekhathuni, abantu abaninzi bacinga ukuba i-bumblebees engaqondakaliyo ziinyosi zobusi. Okunene zahluke kakhulu kwinkangeleko kunye nokuziphatha.

  • Enkulu kwaye ifuze
  • 19-38 mm (0.75-1.5 intshi) ubude
  • Ukukhwaza okukhulu
  • Iilwimi ezinobude obahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke kwiintlobo. Mfutshane ukuya nde.
  • Imibala eyahlukileyo emnyama, emthubi, emhlophe, kunye neblue

Ehlabathini lonke kukho malunga nama-250 eentlobo zeebumblebees [3] . Nabo banentlalontle, nangona iikoloni zabo zincinci kuneenyosi zobusi kubantu abamalunga nama-50-400 kuphela. [4] .



Baye ukumkanikazi ukuba kwimozulu epholileyo uya kuhlala unyaka kwaye hibernates ngexesha lobusika bakhe bokuqala - lonke ikholoni, kuquka ukumkanikazi endala, kufa ekuqaleni ekwindla. Kungumbono olusizi ukubabona behleli bengaphili kwiintyatyambo ezidubula kade kodwa yinxalenye yesingqi sabo sendalo. Kwiindawo ezishushu ngakumbi iinyosi zinokuphila ngaphezu konyaka.

Emva kokuphuma kwi-hibernation, i-queen bumblebee iya kukhangela indawo enqwenelekayo yokwakha ikoloni yayo. Isenokuba yindlwane yeempuku ezingenanto, phantsi kweshedi, iheji ekhule kakhulu, okanye iindawo ezingacocekanga egadini. Xa sele efumene indawo aza kuhlala kuyo ukuze abeke amaqanda akhe kwaye akhulise abancinci. Ngokuqhelekileyo bangabasebenzi de kube kamva kwixesha lonyaka xa ukumkanikazi ebeka amaqanda e-drones kunye neenyosi zeenyosi. Aba kumkanikazi batsha ngabo abaya kuqubha kwaye bafumane ikoloni entsha kwintwasahlobo elandelayo.

Iibumblebees zinobude obahlukeneyo bolwimi ngokuxhomekeke kwiintlobo. Ulwimi olude lunokufikelela ezantsi kwiintyatyambo ezinzulu, iilwimi ezimfutshane zingcono kwiintyatyambo ezivulekileyo ezifana nale cornflower.

Iibumblebees kwiSiqithi soMntu

UKate Hawkins, owayesakuba yiManx National Heritage, unomdla kakhulu kwiintlobo ezilishumi elinesihlanu zeebumblebees. Banamagama amnandi afana nebhilberry bumblebee, moss carder bee, kunye nebohemian cuckoo bee. Ezinye zilula kakhulu ukuzibona kwaye ukuzama ukwazisa ezo zisegadini yakho zinokukunceda ukuba uzisebenzise ngcono. Ukwanalo necebiso eliphezulu lokubahenda ukuba bahlale kwiihotele zezinambuzane. Kutshanje kufunyaniswe ukuba iinyosi zitsalwa livumba lemingxuma emidala yeempuku. Ukuba ufumana indlwane yempuku kwishedi yakho okanye kwi-attic, yigcine kwaye usebenzise izinto eziphathekayo ekwenzeni ihotele yezinambuzane. Iinyosi ziya kuhamba kwi-pronto.

I-Carder Bee eqhelekileyo. Njengoko unokuthelekelela kule foto, baneelwimi ezinde - umfanekiso ngoncedo lwe Flickr

Iinyosi eziZodwa

Iibumblebees kunye neenyosi zobusi zimele iqhezu nje leenyosi zehlabathi. Okumangalisayo kukuba, i-98% yinyosi yodwa abantu abaninzi abangayi kuqaphela okanye badibanise neenyosi ezaziwa kakhulu. Zingenabungozi ebantwini nakwizilwanyana zasekhaya, iinyosi ezihlala zodwa ziyakwazi ukuhambisa ipoleni kwaye zinokuba ngcono kakhulu kulo msebenzi kunenyosi zobusi. Abanye bathi ukuya kutsho kumaxesha ali-100 ngcono.

Ngokungafaniyo nezihlobo zabo zentlalo, iinyosi ezizimeleyo azihlali kwiikholoni. Yiyo loo nto ibangela ukuba bangabi ndlongondlongo kuba bengakhuseli indlu. Endaweni yoko, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-70% yazo indlwana emhlabeni kwaye ezinye zifumana amakhaya kwiingontsi zemithi, iindonga, izakhiwo, kunye nemingxuma kunye neendlwane zezinye izilwanyana kunye nezinambuzane. Iinyosi ezizimeleyo zichaza ukuziphatha kweenyosi kunokuba zikhangeleka njani. Kukho iintlobo ezininzi zeenyosi ezihlala zodwa eziquka:

  • Iinyosi zeLeafcutter
  • Iinyosi zeMason
  • Iinyosi zemigodi
  • Iinyosi zokuchwela

A luncedo ipowusta yeenyosi zaseMntla Melika. Unokufumana kwakhona a incwadi enkulu ebonisa iifoto zezinye iintlobo ezininzi.

Ukuchonga iinyosi kwiyadi yakho yangasemva

Ngamawaka eentlobo zeenyosi phaya, ungafumanisa njani ukuba zeziphi ezihlala kwisitiya sakho? Eyona ndlela ingcono kukuchitha ixesha egadini kwaye ubukele iinyosi. Thatha iifoto kunye namanqaku apho uzibone khona, zeziphi iintyatyambo ebezikuzo, ukuziphatha, kunye neempawu zazo zomzimba.

Sebenzisa la manqaku kunye neefoto ukuthelekisa ngokuchasene nesikhokelo esinje Isikhokelo kwiinyosi zaseMntla Melika . Ukuba ungathanda ukusebenzisa imithombo ye-intanethi ukuzama i-ID yeenyosi kwiyadi yakho yangasemva, kukho iifoto ezimbalwa zeebumblebees ezahlukeneyo kunye neenyosi ezizimele. Iinyosi zomthonyama zaseMntla Melika .

Apha eBritani, kukho incwadi emangalisayo ebizwa IsiKhokelo seNdawo kwiinyosi zaseGreat Britain naseIreland ukuba abaninzi baya kulufumana luluncedo. IBumblebee Conservation Trust nayo ineenkcukacha ezithe vetshe ukuchonga iinyosi zaseBritani . Unokufumana kwakhona iifoto ze iinyosi zodwa zaseBritani , kwiwebhusayithi yeFriends of the Earth.

I-Australia ineentlobo zeenyosi ezingaphezu kwe-1 500 nazo - ezininzi ezikhethekileyo kulo mmandla. Okubangela umdla kukuba, abanazo iinyosi zomthonyama kunye neentlobo zeenyosi zasekuhlaleni kuphela. Ubusi ababuvelisayo bumnandi kakhulu kunobusi obuveliswe yinyosi yaseYurophu. Kukwanzima kakhulu ukuvuna ngaphandle kokonakalisa iinyosi ngoko ke ayiqhelekanga ukufumaneka. Nalu ulwazi oluninzi kwiinyosi Ostreliya kwaye Nyu Zilend .

Amadlelo eentyatyambo zasendle atsala iinyosi kunye nezilwanyana zasendle

Iinyosi kwiSiqithi soMntu

Iinyosi ezilapha kwi-Isle of Man zibandakanya abantu abanomdla kakhulu, njengoko ndafumanisa kuRichard Selman eDEFA. Sineenyosi ze-cuckoo, ookumkanikazi bazo ngokuchwechwa babeka amaqanda kwezinye iindlwane zeenyosi. Ke inyosi ye-ginger ethambileyo ehlala kwiikholoni zabantu ukuya kuthi ga kwi-200 - uya kuyibona njengenye yeenyosi zokuqala ezibhabhayo entwasahlobo.

Sineentlobo ezintlanu zeenyosi ze-plasterer kwiSiqithi. Ezi nyosi zodwa zingangeni manzi kwindlwane zazo ezingaphantsi komhlaba ngesixhobo esifana ne-cellophane ezizenzela zona. Kukho abaphambukeli kwihlabathi leenyosi. Inyosi yomthi yaqala ukuchongwa kwisiQithi ngo-2005 kwaye kusenokwenzeka ukuba yavuthelwa phezu kolwandle isuka eNgilani.

Vumela ukhula ludubule. Zingumthombo wokutya obalulekileyo kwiinyosi zazo zonke iintlobo-imifanekiso ephantsi Flickr

Iinyosi zidinga ukutya iinyanga ezilithoba zonyaka

Iinyosi zethu ziyasebenza kwaye zikhangela ukutya ukusuka ngoMatshi ukuya kuNovemba. U-Andree Dubbeldam, igosa lolondolozo kwi-Manx Wildlife Trust, uthi i-80% yencindi abayiqokelela ekuqaleni kwekwindla ivela kwi-ivy. Ngentwasahlobo, ezinye zezona mithombo zibalulekileyo zokutya ziyi-willow catkins, iibluebells, igalikhi yasendle, kunye needandelions. Ngoko endaweni yokutyala iintyatyambo zeenyosi, kusenokuba bhetele ukuvumela ‘ukhula’ olungakumbi lukhule kwaye lutyatyamba. Kuyafana nakweminye imimandla. Vumela ukhula lube nendawo yalo kwaye izilwanyana zasendle ezininzi ziya kuba nokutya.

Iintyatyambo zePyracantha zingumthombo otyebileyo wepollen kunye nencindi xa zimbalwa kakhulu ezinye iintyatyambo zokutya ezidubulayo-imifanekiso ngoncedo lwe Flickr

Khulisa izityalo kunye nezihlahlana ezidubula kwi-'Juni Gap'

Ukuba ufuna ukukhulisa iintyatyambo ngokukodwa iinyosi, gxininisa kwiintlobo zeentyatyambo ngexesha lesithuba sikaJuni. Kukho ifula yasendle eninzi entwasahlobo nasekupheleni kwehlobo kodwa uJuni unokumangalisa ukuba lixesha elinzima kwiinyosi. Zininzi iintyatyambo zegadi abaya kukubulela ngazo kodwa imithi kunye nezihlahlana zinezinto ezininzi ezinokunikezela ngezilwanyana zasendle. Kuthiwa umthi omnye odubulayo unencindi eninzi kunentsimi yeentyatyambo.

Ngelixa ungenaso indawo yemithi, isihlahla singumcimbi owahlukileyo. Ezimbini, ngokukodwa, i-cotoneaster kunye ne-pyracantha, zilungele ukondla iinyosi ngexesha le-gap kaJuni. Ziya kukhwaza kakhulu njengoko i-fuschia hedges yenza kamva ehlotyeni. Akunjalo kuphela ezi zihlahla zibonelela ngencindi yeenyosi kodwa ziya kulayishwa ngamaqunube ekwindla anomsoco. Kanye ngalo Novemba ndibukele iintaka ezimnyama zikhulula icotoneaster yam kwiintsuku nje ezimbalwa. Amaqunube amathathu okanye amane ngexesha ngokucwangcisiweyo akha amaqunube abomvu anemilomo eqaqambileyo emthubi njengoko ndandisonwabela iikomityi zam zasekuseni.

Iihotele ezinkulu zezinambuzane ezenziwe ekhaya zinomtsalane ngakumbi kwiinyosi kunohlobo onokuthi uluthenge - umfanekiso ngoncedo lwe Flickr

Ukubonelela iinyosi ngekhusi

Into elandelayo ebalulekileyo emva kokutya yindawo yokuhlala. Awudingi ukuthatha ukugcinwa kweenyosi ukunika iinyosi indawo yokuhlala. Uya kumangaliswa ukubafumana behlala kuyo yonke igadi yakho, engceni ende, phantsi kweethango, kwimingxunya yemithi, iimfumba zenkunkuma yasegadini, izigodo zezigodo, naphantsi komhlaba. Gcina loo nto engqondweni ukuba ukhe ubone iintaba-mlilo ezincinci kwingca yakho kwaye uzibuze ukuba ziyintoni na.

Uya kuvuya ukuva ukuba ukuba ngumgadi wegadi owonqenayo kunokunceda. Nokuba uthanda izinto ezicocekileyo, shiya ikona engabonakaliyo imdaka encinci kunye nenkunkuma yegadi kunye neenkuni. Yeka ukuqoqosha nawe. Ukufumana isiqalo ekucoceni kwakho entwasahlobo kunokushiya iinyosi kunye nezinye izilwanyana zasendle zingenamakhaya xa zifuna indawo yokuhlala kakhulu.

Ihotele entle yeenyosi endithe ndayibona kuyo Umyezo wezityalo

Nceda iinyosi ngeehotele zezinambuzane

Ekuqaleni kwentlakohlaza, yakha iihotele zezinambuzane ukuze iinyosi zihlale kuzo zombini iindlwane kwaye zilale phantsi. Zikuvumela ukuba udlalele ezinye izinambuzane ezininzi kunye nezilwanyana ezingenamqolo nazo. Unokuthenga iintlobo ezincinci esele zenziwe kodwa ezinkulu zinomtsalane ngakumbi kwizilwanyana zasendle. Qala ngokupakisha iipaliti zomthi ezi-5-8 ezifakwe kubushushu kunye.

Ngalo lonke ixesha ujonge isitampu kwicala le-pallet kwaye ujonge ukuba uyabona na i-HT, oku kuthetha ukunyangwa kobushushu. Ukuba ubona i-MB endaweni yoko, yiphephe ngazo zonke iindleko njengoko imele iMethyl bromide, isibulali zinambuzane. Gcwalisa izithuba ezingenanto ngee-bamboo canes, iinkuni, iindiza, izitena, amasetyana, iimbiza ze-terracotta, kunye nezinye izinto zendalo. Imeko enomthunzi yeyona ilungileyo.

Nika iiNyosi isiselo

Zonke izilwanyana zifuna amanzi, kuquka iinyosi. Endle, baya kuhlala phezu kwamatye okanye izityalo ezikufutshane nomda wamanzi kunye nokusela. Imithombo yamanzi egadini inokuba nzima ngakumbi kubo. Nangona baya kutsalwa emanzini ngee-emele, akukho ndawo yokuba bahlale. Ukuba bazama ukusela kwizitya ezinje, banokurhaxwa.

Endaweni yoko, gcwalisa izitya ezingekho nzulu ngeengqalutye namanzi uze uzibeke egadini. Iinyosi kunye nezinye izinambuzane ziya kuxabisa isiselo esikhuselekileyo.

Gcina iinyosi zethu

Ukugcina iinyosi akukhona nje malunga neenyosi zobusi. Yazi ezinye ii-buzzers kwigadi yakho ngokuchonga ukuba ngoobani kunye nokuba zeziphi iimfuno zabo. Cwangcisa ukuba iintyatyambo ziqhakaze hayi nje ehlotyeni kodwa ukusuka kwasekuqaleni kwentlakohlaza ukuya ekuqaleni kokwindla . Badale indawo yokuhlala, umthombo wamanzi, kwaye uzame ukungasebenzisi imichiza emhlabeni okanye kwizityalo zakho. Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, abalungelanga nje ukusasaza imifuno yethu, kodwa bangumdlali obalulekileyo kwi-eco-system. Nangakumbi jonga le vidiyo ingezantsi.

Abagadi begadi banokwenza okuninzi okulungileyo kwizilwanyana zasendle egadini kwaye ukuba useBritani okanye eYurophu, funda ukuba ungenza njani nceda ukugcina i-hedgehogs .

[1] Uludwe Lwenyosi lweManx — RGSelman Nov 2018, ihlengahlengiswe kwaye ihlaziywe kuluhlu lukaSteve Crellin
[2] Wikipedia Ubusi lentliziyo
[3] Wikipedia Inyosi
[4] ULondolozo lweBumblebee: Umahluko phakathi kweebumblebees kunye ne-honeybees

Fumana Inombolo Yakho Yengelosi

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