Ukutyala okungapheliyo kokutyala: tyala ezi 70+ ezidliwayo kube kanye kwaye uvune iminyaka

Esi sithuba sinokuqulatha amakhonkco onxibelelwano. Isiteyitimenti esipheleleyo sokuxelwa silapha.

Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na kwezi 70+ zemifuno, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka. Ikwabandakanya ukhenketho lwevidiyo yokutya okungapheliyo ekugqibeleni.

Uninzi lwethu lukhulisa izityalo ezityiwayo kwimbewu okanye kwizityalo esiqala ngazo kunyaka okhulayo, ukuvuna, emva koko kufuneka siphinde sibuye kwakhona. Kungenxa yokuba uninzi lwemifuno yethu eqhelekileyo iyafa xa siyikha okanye ekugqibeleni itshabalale ngexesha lokufika kwemozulu ebandayo. Kukho indlela elula yokukhulisa izityalo, nangona kunjalo. Indlela engasebenzi kangako, ethembekileyo, kwaye ikwazisa kwihlabathi elitsha kunye nokutya okungakholekiyo. Tyala izityalo ezingapheliyo kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuzo iminyaka.



Izibonelelo zezityalo ezingapheliyo

Nabani na ozifumene emfutshane ngexesha, okanye ongathanda ukunqanda umsebenzi wokwaphula umqolo, izityalo ezingapheliyo kunye nezihombiso ziyimpendulo yakho. Ngokunyanisekileyo baphinda bakhule entwasahlobo kwaye bahlala bezinye zeentyatyambo zokuqala kwaye bavelisa izityalo egadini. Ndiyazi ukuba ndingathembela kwi-chives egalikhi eza ngasekupheleni kobusika, kunye namanye amalungu osapho lwe-anyanisi olungapheliyo.
Ngelixa ndizakuhlala ndikhula izityalo zonyaka ezivela kwimbewu, ndiyaliqonda ixabiso lonyaka ophelayo. Ngapha koko, malunga nesiqingatha segadi endabelweyo izele zizinto zonke - yonke into ukusuka kumaqunube amnyama angenameva ukuya kwi-broccoli eneenkwenkwezi ezisithoba, i-oca, kunye netswele ye-welsh.



Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na le 70+ yemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

I-anyanisi ye-Welsh ifana ne-chives enkulu

Izityalo ezingapheliyo zilondolozo oluphantsi

Akunjalo kuphela izityalo ezingapheliyo zihlala ixesha elide, kodwa ezininzi zinobusika-ziqinile, zihlala ixesha elide, kwaye ziyanyamezela. Ngenxa yokuba behlala emhlabeni ixesha elide, banokuba neenkqubo ezineengcambu, ezenza ukuba zinganyamezeli imbalela. Cinga nge-spell yokugqibela eyomileyo egadini yakho-ubusele unkcenkceshela ii-ertyisi eziluhlaza, iilethisi, kunye nesipinatshi endaweni yomthi omdala we-apile. Igadi ekrelekrele ingaziqonda izibonelelo zezityalo ezinegalelo eliphantsi kunye nolondolozo olusezantsi. Kwakhona, kuba iminyaka engapheliyo ihlala emhlabeni iminyaka, iyanceda ukumisa ukhukuliseko lomhlaba kwaye igcine ikhabhon itshixelwe emhlabeni. Oko kungqina ukuba i-smart nayo inokuba ye-eco-friendly.



Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na le 70+ yemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

I-Oca yimifuno engapheliyo enokuvelisa ukuya kuthi ga kwiiponti ezintathu zezilimo eziyizigaxa kwisityalo ngasinye

Iindidi zezityalo ezingapheliyo

Engqondweni yam, zine iindidi zezityalo ezingapheliyo, kwaye ungazisebenzisa zonke ukwenza igadi yakho engapheliyo. Ukutya kula maqela kuya kukunika isivuno unyaka nonyaka, ngesiqhelo ngaphandle kokuba wenze enye into ngaphandle kwesigcina-kufuma uze uyithene. Uya kufumana izityalo zokutya ezingapheliyo eziwela kwi:

  • Imifuno engapheliyo
  • Iingcambu, iibhalbhu, kunye nezilimo eziyizigaxa
  • Iziqhamo ezingapheliyo kunye namajikijolo
  • Imifuno engapheliyo
Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na le 70+ yemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

Iimbotyi ezibalekayo ezibomvu zihlala zingapheliyo kwimimandla 8-10



Izityalo zoNyaka nezeBiennial

Uninzi lwemifuno yethu egadini eqhelekileyo yonyaka okanye iminyaka emibini, kwaye nangona imijikelo yabo yobomi yahlukile, ufumana isivuno esihle kuphela kunyaka wokuqala. Nokuba abanye babo bayasinda ekuvuneni nasebusika, badubula ngqo kwientyatyambo. Emva koko, iingcambu zawo ziba ziinkuni kwaye amagqabi awo aba krakra njengoko ehambisa onke amandla awo kwimveliso yembewu. Emva kokuhlwayela imbewu, ziyafa, zishiya imbewu iqhubeke kwisizukulwana esilandelayo. Iikherothi, ii-beet, kunye ne-chard zonke zizinto ezilungileyo.

Ezinye, njengamathanga, zikhula unyaka wonke, zivelise iziqhamo, emva koko zibune zife kwangoko xa amaqondo obushushu esihla. Kwakhona, imbewu yabo yile nto isityalo sixhomekeke kuyo ukuze iphinde ikhule kunyaka olandelayo. Ezinye izityalo zinokukunika izivuno ezininzi ukuba ukrelekrele malunga nendlela ohamba ngayo, kodwa ekugqibeleni, nazo ziyakuhlwayela imbewu zife ngaloo nyaka. Ilettuce, umzekelo, iyakubalekela kwimbewu ngaphakathi kweeveki okanye iinyanga nokuba uvuna amagqabi ambalwa ngexesha.

Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na kwezi 70+ zemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

I-Asparagus inokukhula iminyaka engamashumi amabini ubuncinci

Ukutya okuhlala ixesha elide

Izityalo ezingapheliyo zahlukile kuba zihlala ixesha elide. Ukuba sisityalo esingapheliyo, isityalo kufuneka sikwazi ukuhlala ebusika kwaye sivelise isivuno esikhulu kunyaka olandelayo, kunye nonyaka olandelayo. Izityalo ezingapheliyo nazo zihlala unyaka nonyaka, nokuba zihlala zihlala ziluhlaza okanye njengezityalo ezingapheliyo. Ukuhlala ixesha elifutshane kunokuhlala ukusuka kwiminyaka emithathu ukuya kwemihlanu ngaphambi kokufuna ukubekwa endaweni kwaye kubandakanya i-perennial kale kunye ne-nine-star broccoli.

Ukuhlala ixesha elide kunokuhlala iminyaka emihlanu ukuya kumashumi amabini, kwaye ngamanye amaxesha ixesha elide. I-Asparagus iphila iminyaka engamashumi amabini nangaphezulu, kwaye i-rhubarb inokuhlala isiqingatha senkulungwane kwindawo elungileyo. Ndakhe ndeva ukuxelelwa ukuba yi-rhubarb kuphela kwento ephilayo kwiilali ezilahliwe kudala.

Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na kwezi 70+ zemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

I-Rhubarb inokuphila amashumi eminyaka kodwa ivelise ngcono xa yahlulwe qho emva kweminyaka emihlanu

Ukuvuna izityalo ezingapheliyo

Isityalo ngasinye esingapheliyo sahlukile, kwaye kuxhomekeke ekubeni yeyiphi onayo, uvuna iintloko zeentyatyambo, amagqabi, amajikijolo, iziqhamo, okanye izilimo eziyizigaxa. Ngezityalo ezinamagqabi, zibambe kwaye uthathe kuphela ubuninzi beepesenti ezingamashumi amathathu zokukhula, ngaphambi kokukuvumela ukuba iphinde ikhule. Lo mgaqo ngokubanzi unceda ukuphela kweminyaka ukuze baphile ukuze babone esinye isivuno.

Ngezilimo eziyizigaxa, qiniseka ukugcina ezinye ukuze ziphinde zitshalwe kwaye kuyafana nakwizityalo ezikhula kwii-bulbs. Gwema ukuvuna ii-bulbs, okanye zonke, ukuvumela izityalo ukuba ziphile. Ukuvuna ngononophelo kuyakugcina izityalo zakho ezingapheliyo ziphila njengoko zikhula ngokufanelekileyo kwimozulu yakho.

Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na le 70+ yemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

Iiglobe artichokes zivelisa iintloko zentyatyambo ezityiwayo malunga neminyaka esibhozo ngaphambi kokuba zitshintshwe

Ubunzima beMifuno engapheliyo

Imifuno engapheliyo zizityalo ezihlala ixesha elide ezineziqu ezityiwayo, amagqabi, iintyatyambo, imbewu, iingcambu, okanye izilimo eziyizigaxa. Ezinye ziyaziwa kakhulu kuthi, ukanti ezinye zininzi azicacanga okanye zikhule kuphela kwimimandla ethile kwihlabathi jikelele. Izityalo ezingapheliyo ziya kwahluka ngokwemozulu yakho kuba ezinye azisayi kuphila ebusika obungaphantsi koziro. Umzekelo, iimbotyi ezibalekayo ezibomvu zikhula njengesityalo sonyaka kwiindawo ezinobusika obubandayo. Kwikhaya layo eliphakathi eMelika kunye neemozulu ezifudumeleyo ezinokufudumala, inokukhula njengonaphakade.

Itshathi engezantsi idwelisa uninzi lokutya okungapheliyo onokukhula kumyezo ophakathi, kunye neengcebiso ezikhulayo kunye neendawo zabo ezinzima ze-USDA. Ndingacebisa ezi ncwadi njengezikhokelo zokukhulisa igadi yemifuno engapheliyo.

Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na le 70+ yemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

Ukuhamba itswele yenza iibhalbhu ezityiwayo kwiincopho zeziqu zazo

Imifuno engapheliyo

Imifuno engapheliyo Iindawo ze-USDA ezinzima Iingcebiso ezikhulayo
I-asparagus
I-Asparagus esemthethweni
3-8 Imikhonto ye-Asparagus ngamahlumelo amdaka owakhetha entwasahlobo ngaphambi kokuba babe nethuba lokukhula babe sisiqu eside kunye namagqabi eentsiba. Ikhulile ukusuka 'kwizithsaba' ezineminyaka emibini ubudala, kuya kufuneka uvune i-asparagus kuphela emva konyaka wesithathu emhlabeni. Emva kokuba izityalo zakho zizinzile, zinokuqhubeka zivelisa iminyaka engamashumi amabini okanye nangaphezulu.
Ileki yaseBabington (Wild leek)
IAllium ampeloprasum var. babingtonii
5-9 Oku I-leek engapheliyo yasendle Ikhula kumhlaba oyisanti kuzo zonke iziqithi zase-Bhritane kodwa inyamezele iintlobo ezininzi zomhlaba kunye nee-pHs. Isasazeka ngebhalbhu zayo kunye neebhulethi kwaye, xa ivunwa, ijongeka kakhulu njenge-leek esemgangathweni, nangona incasa iyinto encinci ngakumbi. Isityalo sinokukhula sibe ziikubhite ezintandathu ubude kwaye sidinga ilanga elipheleleyo kodwa siyakwazi ukumelana nemimoya ephezulu kunye neendawo eziveziweyo. Isityalo sonke siyatyiwa, kubandakanya iseti ephezulu yee-bulbils.

Ikhadibhodi
ICynara cardunculus
7b-10 Sikhula iinyawo ezilishumi, esi sihlobo seartichoke yeglobhu sinamagqabi amakhulu aluhlaza aluhlaza kunye namakhakhasi amancinci, ahlabayo ahlala phezulu kwizikhondo zawo ezide. Ucinga ukuba iintyatyambo ziyatyiwa, ziziphunzi ezifudumeleyo ozityayo. Bangcamla ngokudityaniswa kwesiqu se-chard, iselery kunye ne-artichoke. Ukukhula kwimbewu entwasahlobo.

Ispinatshi saseCaucasus
IHabititzia tamnoides
3-9 Isityalo somdiliya esinamagqabi aluhlaza amile okwentliziyo, izitshizi ezincinci zeentyatyambo, kwaye sinokukhula ngeenyawo ezisixhenxe nangaphezulu. Yitya amagqabi kunye namahlumelo amancinci, uwatshise okanye uwasonge kwaye usebenzise njenge chard okanye isipinatshi. Esi sityalo sinye kuphela esisele kuhlobo lwaso kodwa siza njengomlimi waseSweden kunye neentlobo ezimbini zasendle ezivela eArmenia naseGeorgia. Umtsalane onomtsalane kwisityalo.

I-butterbur enkulu (iFuki)
Iipetasites japonicus
4-9 Amagqabi amakhulu aluhlaza amile okwezintso aqhelekileyo asetyenziswa eJapan njengempahla zokutya ekufuneka ziphekwe emlilweni ovulekileyo. Iziqu kunye neebraws ezikrakra kakhulu ziyatyiwa, kunye nezokugqibela eziphekwe kwiitempura kwaye zenziwe njengobumnandi bokusasa kwentwasahlobo. Esi sityalo sinokungenelela ngoko ke kugcinwa kunyanzelekile xa kunokwenzeka. Ikhetha udongwe ukugungqa umhlaba, igcwele umthunzi okhethekileyo kwindawo ekhuselekileyo, kwaye ayisiyongxaki kumhlaba we-pH.
Iglobhu artichoke
UCynara scolymus
6-9 Iintliziyo zezi ntyatyambo zityebileyo zale miqobo inkulu ziluncuthu olumnandi onokonwaba ukuba nalo egadini yakho. Xa sele simisiwe, isityalo se-artichoke sinokuchuma ukuya kuthi ga kwiminyaka esibhozo, kwaye ungazisasaza ngokulula kwisityalo somzali. Kwiindawo ezinemozulu epholileyo, ngekhe bafe ebusika kwaye banokuvelisa iintloko unyaka wonke.
UKumkani uHenry olungileyo
I-Chenopodium ibhonasi-henricus
3-9 Ulondolozo olusezantsi lwesipinatshi olunxulumene nendalo 'yeFat Hen' I-Chenopodium icwecwe . Ikhula ibe ziikubhite ezimbini ubude kwaye ibanzi i-15 ububanzi kwaye inamagqabi aluhlaza akhangeleka ngathi yigogo. Ukuba amagqabi awalungiswanga ngendlela echanekileyo, anokuba krakra kakhulu. Kunqande ukutya amagqabi ekrwada, endaweni yoko uwafake emanzini anetyuwa kangangeyure ngaphambi kokuba upheke, usonge okanye ubilise. Unokutya amahlumelo amancinci kunye neentyatyambo zeentyatyambo entwasahlobo nasehlotyeni.
Ijinja yaseJapan
Zingiber mioga
7-10 Nangona ijinja yaseJapan inxulumene neginger eqhelekileyo, iingcambu azidliwayo. Endaweni yokuba uvune amagqabi amancinci kunye neentyatyambo zesityalo kwaye uzisebenzise ngendlela efanayo nejinja. Ikhula kakuhle nakwiindawo ezinemozulu epholileyo, isenza i-gingery flavour yasekhaya ifezekiseke ngakumbi kwabo bangahlali kwiitropiki. I-flavour iyinyani ye-ginger kunye ne-anyanisi edibeneyo kunye ne-buds ukunambitha ngakumbi njengejinja. Sebenzisa ijinja yaseJapan njengoko ubunokuthi u-anyanisi oluhlaza kwii-noodle, iisaladi kunye nezinye izitya ezinencasa. Ukhetha umhlaba ochumileyo kwaye ukhule kakuhle kwizikhongozeli ezinokuthi zifihlwe ebusika.
I-broccoli yeenkwenkwezi ezisithoba
Brassica oleracea botrytis asparagoides
3-10 Le bricaica engaqhelekanga yafunyanwa ikhula kwisiqwenga se-broccoli yesiqhelo kwii-1900s zokuqala. Nyaka ngamnye inokukhula ezintlanu ukuya kwezilithoba iintloko ezincinci zebroccoli etyheli-luhlaza. Ngalo lonke ixesha uzisika ngaphambi kokuba zidubule, isityalo siqhubeka nokuvelisa esinye isivuno. Oku kuhlala ixesha elifutshane kunokuhlala iminyaka emihlanu kwaye uyakhula ngendlela efanayo namanye amalungu ekhaphetshu kunye nosapho lwe-brassica.
Perennial kale
Brassica oleracea var ramosa
6-9 Ifana kakhulu ne-kale yonyaka kodwa ngamagqabi amancinci, abanye abantu abawuthandayo kwincasa. Ikhula njengesiqhuma esingangeemitha ezine ubude nobubanzi kwaye ibandakanya imihlanganiselwa ‘iDaubenton,’ ‘iDorbenton,’ ‘iTaunton,’ kunye ne ‘Ewiger kohl’. Ubomi obufutshane obuya kuhlala buvelisa unyaka wonke malunga neminyaka emihlanu ukuya kwemithandathu. Kunqabile ukuba iintyatyambo, ukuze uqhubeke nokukhulisa, usasaza izityalo ezitsha kwizicucu. Iziqu zangaphandle zinokuhlala emhlabeni kwaye zenze iingcambu. Ukhetha ilanga elipheleleyo kunye nomhlaba i-pH ezintandathu okanye ngaphezulu, kodwa uyanyamezela umthunzi okhethekileyo kunye neemeko zolwandle.
Iitapile anyanisi
Allium cepa var. ewonke
5-8 I-anyanisi yeetapile, ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-anyanisi anyanisi, ikhula ngokufanayo kwi-shallots kuba itswele ngalinye elityaliweyo liya kwenza isihloko se-anyanisi etyheli. Itswele likhula ngo-2-4 ububanzi kwaye linencasa eyomeleleyo kunee-shallots okanye i-anyanisi eswiti. Olu luhlobo lweentsuku ezinde, oko kuthetha ukuba uninzi lwee-cultivars azizukuvelisa ukuba uhlala emazantsi e-37N okanye emantla e-37S latitudes. Khula kwiimeko ezifanayo nezinye i-anyanisi, kunye nelanga elipheleleyo kunye nomhlaba ocebileyo. Emva kokuvuna, khumbula ukugcina enye itswele ukuze uphinde uyityale (ebusika) okanye kunyaka olandelayo.
Iirampu
IAllium tricoccum
3-7 I-anyanisi engapheliyo ekhula ithenda ye-garlicky amagqabi ukusuka kwiibhalbhu ezincinci ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo. Sebenzisa njengoko ubunokuthi u-anyanisi oluhlaza, okanye nokuba ugcobe imifuno okanye ipesto. Kwezinye iindawo, iirampu zakuMntla Melika zikhula kakhulu endle, kodwa kwezinye, ziye zenzelwa ukuba zingabikho. Bathatha ixesha elide ukumiliselwa, ke ukuba ugrumba ii-bulbs phezulu, ungaphulukana nonikezelo lwakho. Kungcono ukuvuna kuphela amagqabi e-garlicky kwaye ungaze ube sikhulu kwisityalo esinye. Ukukhula kumhlaba we-pH ongathathi hlangothi kwiimeko zohlobo lweenkuni - ngokungagungqiyo kumthunzi ogcweleyo, kunye nomhlaba ofumileyo, ochumileyo. Kungcono ukuyikhulisa ukusuka kwiibhalbhu ezingenazingcambu okanye ukufakelwa okungafaniyo kuba imbewu ingathatha unyaka ukuba ihlume kwaye ityale ukuya kwiminyaka elishumi ukufikelela ekukhuleni.
Rhubarb
IRheum rhabarbarum
3-8 Ngelixa isetyenziswa njengesiqhamo, i-rhubarb ngokuqinisekileyo yimifuno. Ngentwasahlobo, uya kuhlawula intywenka encinci kwithenda yayo, iziqu ezibomvu, kodwa zikhule ngokwakho, kwaye uya kuba nokuninzi kunokuba ungatya. I-Rhubarb iyachuma ngokungahoywa kwaye inokuhlala ikhula ngasemva kwezitiya kunye nolwabiwo kumantla e-hemisphere. Unako ukutsala iziqu ukusuka entwasahlobo kude kube sehlotyeni, kwaye xa sele zimisiwe, izityalo ziya kuvelisa iminyaka. Ukukhula kwizithsaba okanye imbewu (kuthatha ixesha elide) kwaye wohlule yonke iminyaka emihlanu ukukhuthaza imveliso.
Beet yolwandle
I-Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
4-8 Lo khokho wasendle wazo zonke ii-beet zethu ezilinywayo kunye ne-chard zifumaneka zikhula zasendle ngaselunxwemeni kwiindawo zase-Bhritane naseYurophu. Iyangqubana kwaye inamagqabi aluhlaza anesikhumba. Iye yahlengahlengiswa ukuze ihlale kwimeko enetyuwa kodwa iya kukhula ngovuyo kwisitiya semifuno esiqhelekileyo. Yitya amagqabi amatsha entwasahlobo, kuba amagqabi amadala anokuba lukhuni. I-Beet yolwandle inexesha lokuphila naphi na ukusukela kwiminyaka emibini ukuya kwelishumi elinanye, kwaye olunye uphando lubonise ukuba izityalo ezivela kwimbewu eqokelelwe eBrittany, eFrance, zazinobude obude kuzo zonke iintlobo. Sebenzisa amagqabi ngendlela ongathanda ngayo u-chard okanye isipinatshi esingapheliyo, kwaye kuthiwa incasa ngokufana kakhulu nale yokugqibela.
Yiba kudala
Crambe maritima
4-8 I-Herbaceous perennial kunye ne-curly-curly-like leaves ezifa emva kwekwindla. Ngamahlumela amancinci entwasahlobo esityalo axabiseke kakhulu, kwaye ahlala 'enyanzelwa' ngembiza ngendlela efana ne-rhubarb. Amagqabi blanched, amagqabi amancinci, kunye neentloko zeentyatyambo zezona ndawo zidumileyo zokutya. Izityalo zasemajukujukwini ziinyawo ezimbini ngaphandle, kwaye izityalo ezime phantsi eziqhotsiweyo zizalise izithuba phakathi. I-Sea kale ikhula kakuhle kumhlaba ohlwempuzekileyo kwiindawo eziveziweyo kwaye iyamelana nembalela kunye nolwandle. Ingakhula ide ifike kwiminyaka elishumi kodwa ivelisa kuphela emva konyaka wesithathu.
Iimbotyi zembaleki ezibomvu
I-Phaseolus coccineus
7-11 Uninzi lwethu lukhula iimbotyi ezibalekayo ezingacacanga ngaphandle kokuqonda ukuba zihlala ixesha elifutshane kwiindawo ezinemozulu ezitshisayo kunye nezithambileyo. Ezi mbotyi zinzima zineentyatyambo ezibomvu, ezipinki, okanye ezimhlophe kuxhomekeke kwisilimo, kwaye zihlala ziluhlaza kwiindawo ezingaboni qabaka. Kwimimandla yokulima yegadi esixhenxe nangaphezulu, banokuphinda bavune imidiliya entwasahlobo ukuya kuthi ga kwiminyaka emithandathu. Ungazitya zombini iimbotyi kunye neentyatyambo.
I-sorrel 3-9 Zintathu iintlobo ze-sorrel ezikhuliselwe ukusetyenziswa, kubandakanya i-French sorrel (Rumex scutatus), i-sorrel ebomvu ene-red (Rumex sanguineus), kunye ne-sorrel yegadi (i-Rumex acetosa). Nangona nganye ibonakala ijongeka ngokwahlukileyo, incasa iyafana. Ukukhaba okumnandi kwe-oxalic acid eyenza amagqabi amatsha kunye ne-citrusy. Kulula kakhulu ukukhula ukusuka kwimbewu okanye ukusasaza ngokwahlulahlula isixa esele sikhona. Sebenzisa amagqabi ekrwada okanye aphekiweyo nakwiisaladi, iisosi, iisuphu, kunye nezitya zeqanda. Ukukhula kwilanga elipheleleyo ukuya kumthunzi okhethekileyo kwaye ukhetha umhlaba ofumileyo.
Taunton Deane kale
Brassica oleracea var Acephala
6-9 I-perennial kale ekhula ibe ziikubhite ezintandathu ubude kunye nesiqu esomeleleyo esinamagqabi amfusa-luhlaza. Vuna amagqabi unyaka wonke kwaye uwusebenzise ngendlela obuya kwenza ngayo nge-kale eqhelekileyo okanye ikhaphetshu. Kuthiwa ine-flavour elungileyo kwaye ithathwa njenge 'eqinile kakhulu' eBritane, ukusuka apho isuka khona. Unqwenela ilanga elipheleleyo, umhlaba ocebileyo, kunye neemeko ezifana nezinye i-brassicas.
Irokethi yaseTurkey
Bunias orientalis
4-8 Nangona inxulumene nerokethi yesaladi (arugula), Irokethi yaseTurkey inencasa efana nekhaphetshu kwaye ikhula ngokufana ne-broccoli raab. Amagqabi, iziqu, iintyatyambo kunye neentyatyambo ziyatyiwa kwaye zingatyiwa ziluhlaza okanye ziphekwe kwaye zisetyenziswe njenge-broccoli okanye i-kale. Isityalo esilula ukukhula esisasazekayo sithathwa njengesihlaselo kwezinye iindawo. Iyayinyamezela imbalela kwaye ingaphila ngaphezulu kweminyaka elishumi njengemihla ngemihla. Unqwenela ilanga elipheleleyo kodwa uyanyamezela umthunzi okhethekileyo kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zomhlaba.
Ukuhamba itswele
I-Allium × ipuliferum
3-10 I-anyanisi ehambahambayo, ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-anyanisi yemithi okanye i-topset anyanisi, yenza izihloko zeebhalbhu ezincinci kwiincopho zeendiza ezide. Ungazitya ezi bulbils, imifuno, kunye nebhalbhu ephambili. Nangona ukutya ibhalbhu ephambili kuthetha ukuba isityalo asizukukhula kwakhona kunyaka olandelayo. Sebenzisa imifino efana ne-chives, kwaye i-bulbils inokuvulwa kwaye isetyenziswe njengama-clove e-garlic kwi-flavour ye-anyanisi. Ukukhula kwimbewu okanye iibhalbhu ezincinci, ezikhula ngokulula naxa zisemoyeni. Ukhetha ilanga elipheleleyo kunye nomhlaba ofumileyo, ochumileyo. Kukho imihlanganisela eliqela yokuhamba itswele, kubandakanya i-anyanisi yaseYiputa ehambahambayo .
Umjelo wamanzi
Nasturtium officinale
2-10 Isityalo se-semi-aquatic esinamagqabi ane-peppery kunye nembewu onokuyomisa kwaye uyisebenzise njenge-mustard. Kulula kakhulu ukukhula kwizikhongozeli ezihlala kwisitya samanzi ukugcina umxube wokubumba ufumile, kodwa ngokwesiko ukhule kumanzi asezantsi, ahamba ngokukhululekileyo, acocekileyo. Nangona iingcambu zawo zingena emhlabeni kunye nomgquba, iziqu ezikwimilambo ye-watercress ziyivumela ukuba idada emanzini. Ukhetha ilanga elingenamkhethe kunye neemeko ezinje ngomgxobhozo, nangona engathandi amanzi amileyo.
Itswele Welsh
IAllium fistulosum
6-9 I-anyanisi ye-Welsh ifana ne-chives enkulu, ingasetyenziselwa i-anyanisi yasentwasahlobo, kwaye ikhule ibe yi-18 ubude. Unokuzikhulisa ukusuka kwimbewu, okanye iibhalbhu, kwaye ekuhambeni kwexesha zenza iziqhuma eziqhuma kumagqabi amade aluhlaza kunye neentyatyambo ezimhlophe ezitsala iintyatyambo ezimhlophe. Omabini amagqabi kunye neebhalbhu ezincinci ziyatyiwa kwaye zinokuba nencasa eyomeleleyo ye-anyanisi. Khula kwimbewu okanye kwiibhalbhu ezahluliweyo kwaye uqiniseke ukuba ushiya ubuncinci isiqingatha seebhalbhu zakho ungavunwanga ukuze bakwazi ukuqokelela kunyaka olandelayo. Ukhetha ilanga elipheleleyo kunye nomhlaba ofumileyo, ochumileyo. Ikwabizwa ngokuba yi-'Bunching 'okanye' i-Siberia engunaphakade 'itswele.
Igalikhi yasendle
Allium ursinum
3-8 I-anyanisi yasendle engapheliyo ifana kakhulu neerampu, kodwa iyinzalelwane yaseYurophu naseAsia. Zombini amagqabi egalikhi kunye neebhalbhu ziyatyiwa kwaye usebenzise njengoko ubunokuthi u-anyanisi oluhlaza, okanye nanjengografi-yefry okanye ipesto. Ukukhula ukusuka kwimbewu okanye ukufakelwa kwebhalbhu kumhlaba we-pH ongathathi hlangothi kwiimeko ezivulekileyo zeenkuni - ngokukhethekileyo kwilanga elipheleleyo, kunye nomhlaba ofumileyo, ochumileyo. Imbewu ihluma kwaye ikhule ngokukhawuleza okukhulu kunerampu ngoko kufanelekile ukuba ungathanda ukuqala isiziba.
Irokethi yasendle
IDiplotaxis tenuifolia
5-9 Ngokwesiqhelo ikhuliswa njengonyaka, kunye nembewu ehlwayelwe rhoqo kwiiveki ezimbalwa kunikezelo oluqhubekayo, irokethi yasendle inokufa phantsi kobusika kodwa ibuye ikhule amagqabi amatsha entwasahlobo elandelayo. Inamagqabi aluhlaza acoliweyo anepepile kwaye ukuba uyayivumela intyatyambo kwaye uye kwimbewu ungazitya iintyatyambo, imidumba yembewu, kwaye ugcine ngokulula imbewu ukulungiselela isivuno esizayo. Kulula kakhulu ukukhula kwaye ukhawuleze ukukhula. Hlwayela kumhlaba ochumileyo ohleli kwilanga elipheleleyo ukusuka entwasahlobo ukuya ekwindla. Ikhula kakuhle kwizikhongozeli.

Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na le 70+ yemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

IJerusalem Artichokes ikwabizwa ngokuba yiSunchokes

iindinyana zebhayibhile ezicatshulwayo kwimifanekiso

Iingcambu, iibhalbhu, kunye nezilimo eziyizigaxa

Zininzi iingcambu ezingapheliyo, iibhalbhu, kunye nezilimo eziyizigaxa ezifumanekayo ezifanele icandelo labo. Ezi ntlobo zingezantsi zinencasa kwaye ngamanye amaxesha zigcwele amandla angaphantsi komhlaba, kwaye uninzi lunokuqhubeka emhlabeni unyaka nonyaka. Ukuba unobusika obungaphantsi kwe-zero, qiniseka ukuba uphakamisa izilimo zakho eziyizigaxa kwaye uzityale kwakhona kunyaka olandelayo ukuze uqiniseke ukuba bayaphila.

Imifuno engapheliyo Iindawo ze-USDA ezinzima Iingcebiso ezikhulayo
I-artichoke yaseTshayina (iCrosnes)
Stachys affinis
5-9 Vuna izilimo eziyizigaxa ezimhlophe ezimhlophe zesi sityalo ekuqaleni kokwindla kwaye ukhonze uluhlaza okanye ucocekile kancinci. Isityalo ngasinye sivelisa kuphela malunga nee-ounces ezi-6 (170 g) zezilimo eziyizigaxa, kwaye zincinci malunga ne-intshi enye ukuya kwezimbini ubude. Okwangoku, zizinto ezintle kwaye kufanelekile umgudu wakho ukuba unendawo yokubanika. Banobumba be-chestnut bamanzi kunye nencasa ye-nutty. Kwimimandla enobulali, ungashiya ezinye izilimo eziyizigaxa emhlabeni ukuze uphinde ubuye kunyaka olandelayo. Ukhetha umhlaba oxutywe kakuhle kwilanga elipheleleyo kwaye akayithandi iqabaka. Tyala kuphela xa umhlaba ushushu entwasahlobo.
Chicory (Radicchio)
Intybus yeCichorium
3-9 IChicory ikhuliselwa amagqabi ayo abukrakra anokutyiwa eluhlaza okanye ephekiwe kunye ne-taproot yayo enzulu, enokubhakwa kunye nomhlaba ungene endaweni yekhofi. Ukukhula kwe-chicory njengokuhlala ixesha elide kunokuba ngumceli mngeni njengoko izityalo ezikhuliswe kwipakethi enye yembewu inokuba nazo zonke iintlobo zokukhula ezahlukeneyo kwaye inokuba yonyaka, iminyaka emibini kunye nokuhlala ixesha elide. Ezinye iintlobo ezifana I-Variegata di Castelfranco kunye ne-Italiko Rosso banokuba notyekelo ngakumbi lokuzinzisa . Hlwayela imbewu phakathi ehlotyeni kwilanga elipheleleyo kunye nomhlaba ochumileyo. Ngca ngeenyawo kangangeesentimitha ezingama-30 kwaye uvune amagqabi emva kweqabaka yokuqala. Ukuba kukho naziphi na izityalo ezisinda ebusika, ziyeke zikhule ukuze ubone ukuba ziya kuhlala zikhona na.
Dahlia
Dahlia x pinnata syn. Dahlia eziguquguqukayo
Dahlia coccinea
8-11 Kungenzeka ukuba izilimo eziyizigaxa zazo zonke i-dahlias zidliwayo kodwa amathuba okuba, lowo ukhule egadini yakho ngoku ukhona. Izilimo eziyizigaxa ezide ezivela kwizityalo zakho zinokuvunwa ekwindla zize zityiwe ziluhlaza okanye ziphekiwe. Ukuthungwa kunye nokunambitheka kuthiwa kufana ne-yacon-crunchy kwaye ngobumnene iyathandeka. Ukuba unayo iJerusalem artichokes kwaye ubenomoya ombi okanye iicramps ulumke nangona. I-Dahlia tubers iqulethe i-inulin ye-carbohydrate engabonakaliyo kwaye inokuba nefuthe elifanayo. Khulisa i-dahlias kwimbewu okanye izilimo eziyizigaxa entwasahlobo kwaye uphakamise ii-tubers ekwindla ukuba ubusika obubandayo. Ukhetha umhlaba okhululekileyo wokucoca kunye nelanga elipheleleyo. Izityalo ziqhuba kakuhle xa zinikwe inkxaso.
Ipea yomhlaba
ILathyrus tuberosus
6-8 Izilimo eziyizigaxa ezinobungakanani bamandongomane okweembotyi ezingapheliyo zokutya zinencasa ye-ertyisi xa ikrwada kwaye ifana ne-chestnut emnandi xa iphekwe (ibilisiwe okanye ibisiweyo). Zizityalo zasendle ezazidla ngokulinywa eYurophu ngaphambili, kwaye zaziwa eFrance njenge-macusson. Esi sityalo sikhula nge-12-32 ubude ngamanye amagqabi amile okweqanda, iintyatyambo ezifana nepea ezifana nepea, kunye nesiqu esinyukayo esinjenge-ertyisi. Rhoqo ifunyanwa ikhula endle kumhlaba olinyiweyo, inokukhulisa iingcambu ubunzulu be-16 kwaye ithumele ukunyuka kwayo kuphuma kwizityalo ezifana nengqolowa. Kungangcono ukuba sikhule esi sityalo kwizikhongozeli. Ukukhula kwimbewu entwasahlobo.
Horseradish
IArmoracia rusticana, ingqokelela. ICochlearia armoracia
3-9 Kancinci kuhamba umgama omde xa kufikwa kwiingcambu ezishushu zehorseradish. Izityalo zingakhula iingcambu ezinkulu nangona zityala kwimeko evulekileyo. Nokuba ingcambu encinci eshiyekileyo emhlabeni inokukhulisa isityalo esitsha. Eyona nto intle ukuqala izityalo zakho kwisithsaba, okanye iingceba zengcambu kwisityalo somzali, kwaye ukhule kwisitya esikhulu-nokuba ngumgqomo omdala wenkunkuma uya kwenza. Inamagqabi amade angathi yidoppy athanda ilanga kodwa ayixakekisi ngohlobo lomhlaba.
I-artichoke yaseYerusalem (Sunchokes)
Helianthus tuberosus
3-8 IJerusalem artichokes yingcambu yemifuno yaseMelika ekhula ukusuka kumagqabi anamagqabi amade ngaphezulu kweenyawo ezisibhozo ubude. Ukuvelisa iintyatyambo ezifana ne-sunflower, ziyaziwa ngokuba yi-sunchokes kwaye azihambelani ne-artichokes. Vuna izilimo eziyizigaxa ezityebileyo kunye ne nutty ekuqaleni kokwindla, xa isityalo sele sifile, kwaye ugcine ezinye ukuze ziphinde zilime kunyaka olandelayo. Zingaphezulu kweshumi elinesibini izilimo ezikhoyo, kubandakanya iFuseau, iBear Valley Purple, kunye neMammoth French White. Ingasasazeka ngokulula ke cinga ngokukhula kwizikhongozeli ezinkulu. Ngaba kunokubangela ukudumba kwesisu kunye negesi ukuya kuthi ga kumashumi amahlanu eepesenti yabemi kodwa incasa imnandi kangangokuba abantu abaninzi bajongana ne'Fartichokes '. Ukukhula kwimimandla ye-USDA 2-8, nangona izilimo eziyizigaxa zingenakuphila kumhlaba ongaphantsi kwendawo yesithathu.
I-Oca (iNew Zealand Yam)
I-Oxalis tuberosa
8-9 Iityhubhu ze-Oca zibala ngombala ukusuka kupinki ukuya kumhlophe ukuya kwimagenta kwaye ziqala ukwenzeka ngaphantsi kwamahlamvu e-sorrel-esque amahlamvu ekwindla. Uvuna izilimo eziyizigaxa ekwindla ngasekuqaleni kobusika, kwaye isivuno sinokufikelela kwiiponti ezintathu ngesityalo ngasinye. Banencasa eyahlukileyo enesitrasi kunye neetapile kwaye uburhabaxa obuphekiweyo bufana netheniphu ephekiweyo. Ungazitya izigaxa eziluhlaza kwaye zine crunch emnandi. Ukukhula kwizilimo eziyizigaxa ngasekupheleni kwentwasahlobo, kwaye ukuba unemozulu enobushushu yasebusika ungashiya enye emhlabeni ukuze ikhule kunyaka olandelayo. Ndihlala ndizikhumbula ezinye kwaye zikhula zodwa njengamavolontiya. Ngaphezulu ii-oca ezikhulayo iingcebiso apha .
Amazambane
Solanum tuberosum
8-12 Nabani na onobusika obumnandi kwaye okhulayo iitapile uyazi ukuba angabuya njani kunyaka olandelayo ukuba uyaphoswa kukuvuna. Nangona kungacetyiswanga ukugcina iitapile ukuphinda utyale unyaka olandelayo (ngenxa yezinto ezinokubangela izifo) kukho umfuyi wezityalo e-US ovelise 'iitapile ezingapheliyo' kubusika / kwiimozulu ezibandayo. Nangona iitapile eziqhelekileyo ziya kutshabalala ukuba umhlaba ubanda, ezi zinokuphila ukuze zivelise isivuno esincinci kunyaka olandelayo. Iitapile zinokukhula kwiindawo ezintle kakhulu, 3-12, ukuba uzikhulisa njengonyaka.
Izigqibo
Sium sisarum
5-9 Imifuno yakudala yase-Europe, ii-skirret ziyinyani engapheliyo kwaye zibuya unyaka nonyaka kunye nobuninzi beengcambu ezinencasa yomnqatha. Ingakhula iye kubude obuziimitha ezine ehlotyeni, kwaye izithsaba ezenza izigaxa zivunwa ekwindla emva kokuba zifumene ihlobo ukuzalisa. Ukukhula kwimbewu okanye kwizithsaba entwasahlobo, kwaye uqalise ukuvuna emva konyaka wesibini xa amahlamvu ebhubhile. Bamba izithsaba, uthathe ezona ngcambu njengezona zivuno zakho, kwaye uphinde utyale isithsaba ukuze ukhule ngomnye unyaka. Ukuba ufuna ukwandisa izityalo zakho , unokwahlula izithsaba ezizodwa kwaye uzityale ngokwahlukeneyo. Ukhetha umhlaba ofumileyo kunye ochumileyo wokuntywila simahla kwilanga elipheleleyo.

Iziqhamo ezingapheliyo kunye namaqunube

Iziqhamo ezingapheliyo zihlala ziphumelela egadini. Nangona imithi, izidiliya, kunye namatyholo kunokuthatha indawo eninzi, imbuyekezo enamanzi kufanelekile kutyalo mali. Ngemithi yeziqhamo kunye namatyholo, uhlala utya kuphela iziqhamo kunye namajikijolo, nangona kukho ukungafani. Amagqabi omdiliya ayatyiwa kwaye asetyenziswa kwityhefu yamaGrike ukwenza iipasile zokutya. Ezinye iintyatyambo zeziqhamo ezingapheliyo ziyatyiwa nazo.

  • apile
  • I-aprikothi
  • Umnyama
  • I-blueberry
  • Inkwenkwe
  • Itsheri
  • I-cranberry
  • Iidiliya
  • I-gooseberry
  • Jostaberry
  • ikiwi
  • ILoganberry
  • Ipere
  • IFizili (iCape Gooseberry)
  • iplamu
  • Shumi elinantlanu
  • Irasbheri
  • Ukuphinda ubuye
  • Ndingathanda ipere yezinto zokukhafula kwiishethi
  • I-Tayberry
  • I-blackberry engenameva
  • Ubusika obuhlaza
Ukutyala okuhlala ixesha elide kuyindlela yokukhulisa izityalo ezimnandi ngelixa ugcina ixesha, imali kunye nomzamo. Tyala nayiphi na le 70+ yemifuno engapheliyo, iziqhamo, okanye imifuno kube kanye, kwaye uvune kuyo iminyaka #igadi yokulima

Uninzi lwamagqabi egadi luhlala luhlaza okanye lukhula kwakhona minyaka le

Amacube eCulinary

Uninzi lwemifuno yegadi ayinamandla kuphela kodwa iya kukhula unyaka nonyaka. Nokuba akukho nto ingako ikhulayo egadini, usengaphuma uvune i-sprig ye-rosemary, okanye isuntswana lobusika elungeleleneyo ukongeza incasa kwizitya zasebusika. Uninzi lwemifuno engapheliyo ikhula kakuhle kwimihlaba ehlwempuzekileyo, ibenza ukuba balungele indawo zegadi apho ezinye izityalo zingayi kukhula.

Uninzi lweziqhamo ezingapheliyo zikhetha umhlaba wokuhambisa amanzi simahla, kwaye ukuvuna ukuya kuthi ga kwisithathu sokukhula kwabo konyaka kukhuthaza ukukhula kwe-bushier. Uninzi lunokulinywa kwiimbiza kunye nezikhongozeli kwaye luthathwe ngokufihlakeleyo ebusika. Gcina ukhumbula ukuba isichotho esimalunga nemeditera sisenokungaphili ebusika ngaphantsi kwe-USDA zone hardiness 8.

  • I-Basil (indawo ye-10 nangaphezulu)
  • I-Bay laurel
  • Chives
  • Ikonofile
  • Isenzi seelamuni
  • Ilamuni
  • Lovage
  • UMarjoram
  • Njengoko
  • Oregano
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Isalad burnet
  • Iswiti cicely
  • Tarragon
  • Thyme
  • Ubusika bunencasa

Amanqaku Umdla