Indlela Yokulima Imifuno Ngexesha Lembalela

Iingcebiso malunga nokulima imifuno kwiimeko zembalela, kuquka iziqhamo nemifuno ekwazi ukumelana nembalela, indlela kunye nexesha lokunkcenkceshela ngokufanelekileyo igadi, kunye neengcebiso zokunciphisa ilahleko yamanzi emhlabeni.

Eli phepha lisenokuba nekhonkco elidityanisiweyo . NjengoMdibaniso weAmazon ndifumana umvuzo ngokuthenga okufanelekileyo.

Ukulima ukutya ngexesha lembalela kunokuba ngumngeni kakhulu kwaye kunxunguphalise. Ngolungiselelo oluthile kunye nokucinga kwangaphambili, unokuphumelela, nangona ixesha elide elomileyo. Nje ukuba uyazi indlela yokukhulisa imifuno ngexesha lembalela, uya kukwazi ukuphepha imigibe embalwa kwaye ujabulele ukulima kwakho ngakumbi. Uya kujonga phambili kwisivuno esikhulu endaweni yeso esibunile!



Ukulima imifuno kwiimeko zembalela yinto abantu ebebejongene nayo oko kwaqala ezolimo. Kwesi sikhokelo, siza kujonga eyona mifuno neziqhamo ezikwaziyo ukumelana nembalela, indlela yokulungisa isitiya sakho, ukunkcenkceshela kakuhle, nokukhusela isitiya sakho ngexesha lembalela. Siza kujonga nokukhathalela umhlaba wakho ukwenza ubomi bube lula kwizityalo zakho.



Khulisa iZityalo ezisempilweni ezinokusinda eBubushushu

Indawo nganye yemifuno yahlukile kwaye iza nemingeni yaso, ingakumbi ngexesha lembalela. Into yokuqala ekufuneka sisoloko siyilwela kukulima kakuhle izityalo. Izithole ezonwabileyo ezityalwe kwaye zityalwe ngexesha elifanelekileyo phantsi kweemeko ezifanelekileyo ziya kuhlala zikwazi ukunyamezela. Ukongeza, ukukhathalela umhlaba wakho kuya kudala indawo apho izityalo zakho zinokukhula khona.

Ngobuchule obufanelekileyo, unokukhulisa igadi enqabileyo kwiimeko zembalela.



Xa ulungiselela imbalela isitiya sakho, enye into ebalulekileyo ekufuneka uyikhulise koko kufuneka uyikhulise. Eminye imifuno iyakukhula ngcono phantsi kweemeko zembalela kuneminye, kwaye ukukhetha ngobulumko kungathetha umahluko phakathi kokuvunwa okanye ukungavuni.

Ayicacanga njengoko unokucinga, nangona kunjalo! Utamatisi, isitshalo seqanda, ukhukhamba, i-melon, kunye neepepile zonke zizityalo ezifudumeleyo zemozulu kwaye zinandipha ukushisa okuhlala kuhambelana nesomiso, kodwa zineemfuno eziphezulu zokunkcenkceshela. Ngaphandle kwamanzi aqhelekileyo, banokukhawuleza bacinezeleke okanye bavelise iingxaki ngeziqhamo zabo, ezifana ne-blossom-end rot. Uphuhliso lweziqhamo lunokusilela ngokupheleleyo.

I-Swiss chard ilawula iimeko ezifana nembalela ngcono kunezityalo ezininzi eziluhlaza



Imifuno ekwaziyo ukumelana nembalela

Ukuba uyazi ukuba kunokwenzeka ukuba ujongane neemeko zembalela, kufuneka ukhethe izityalo ezikwaziyo ukumelana nembalela. Kukho uhlengahlengiso olumbalwa ekufuneka izityalo ziphile kwiimeko ezomileyo. Ngokomzekelo, i-Tuscan kale ine-waxy cuticle phezu kwamagqabi ayo, ukunciphisa ukulahlekelwa kwamanzi kwi-pores yamagqabi. I-Sweetcorn ineengcambu ezinde kakhulu, ezilungele ukufumana amanzi nzulu emhlabeni. Usenokukhetha ukulima iintlobo ezincinci ezifana neembotyi zasehlathini endaweni yokukhwela iimbotyi. Izityalo ezincinci zifuna amanzi amancinci. Ungajonga kwakhona imifuno kunye neentlobo zemifuno eziye zakhuliswa ukuba zicothise okanye zikwazi ukumelana nembalela.

Ezinye izityalo ezikwaziyo ukumelana nembalela zezi:

I-Flavoursome arugula iluhlaza isaladi elukhuni kwimozulu eyomileyo.

Nezityalo ezikwaziyo ukumelana neemeko ezomileyo ziyakufuna amanzi ukuze zisekwe, ngakumbi imifuno. Ngoko ke, kubalulekile ukunika amanzi amaninzi kwangethuba exesheni lonyaka xa izityalo zisenezithole naxa ziqala ukutyalwa.

Ukunqanda ukumiliselwa kwezityalo ezitsha rhoqo ngexesha lonyaka, ungazama izityalo ezihlala ixesha elide. I-Taunton Deane Kale kunye ne-Nine Star Broccoli lukhetho olukhulu olunyamezelayo kwimbalela, kwaye kunjalo i-artichokes kwaye, ngokuqinisekileyo, i-perennial, imifuno enomthi.

Izityalo zeziqhamo ezingapheliyo ezifana namaqunube amnyama angenameva ziyakwazi ukumelana nembalela ngenxa yeengcambu ezisele zimile

Izityalo zeZiqhamo ezikwaziyo ukumelana nembalela

Uninzi lwezityalo ezihlala ixesha elide okanye zokhuni ziya kusebenza kakuhle kwimbalela xa sele zisekiwe. Ukuba unokuzifumana kwixesha labo lokuqala lokukhula, oku kuya kwanela ukwakha ukomelela kwazo. Imithi yeziqhamo ineengcambu ezinzulu kwaye ayifane ichatshazelwe kukunqongophala kwamanzi ukuba ikhulile. Imithi emincinci iyakufuna ukunkcenkceshelwa kunyaka wayo wokuqala, ngakumbi kwiimeko zembalela.

Amatyholo eziqhamo kunye nemidiliya enamaplanga nawo ayakwazi ukunyamezela iimeko ezinamanzi amancinci, ngaphandle kokuba zikhulile, izityalo ezizinzileyo. Izityalo zeziqhamo eziqhuba kakuhle ngamanzi amancinci zezi:

Iitshilisi azikhathali ngeemeko zembalela kwaye zinokuba nespicier xa zinkcenkceshelwe

  • Imithi yeziqhamo; iapile, ipere, icherry, iplam
  • Amaqunube
  • Amaqunube amnyama
  • Amaqunube
  • Amaqunube
  • ikiwi

Nangona ingathathwa njengesiqhamo ngokwesiko, iitshilisi zikwasisiqhamo esenza kakuhle phantsi kweemeko ezomileyo. Kuya kufuneka ukuba zimiselwe kakuhle njengezinye izityalo, kodwa zingaqhubeka nokuvelisa iziqhamo kwiimeko ezomileyo kwaye ziya kuvelisa iziqholo ezininzi. Akunjalo kakhulu ukuba uthanda ukukhaba okuncinci kwi-sauce yakho eshushu!

Ukugquma umhlaba kwiibhedi zakho zegadi ngesigcina-kufuma kuya kunceda ukutshixa ukufuma

Ukugcina amanzi emhlabeni

I-mulching yindlela efanelekileyo yokugcina amanzi emhlabeni. Nangona i-compost iyeyona i-mulch endiyithandayo ukuyisebenzisa, zikho ezinye izinto onokuzisebenzisa. Umaleko we-mulch ofakwa rhoqo ngonyaka ngowona ungcono, njengoko oku kuyakuphucula ubume bomhlaba kwaye kwandise isakhono sawo sokugcina amanzi. Ukuba usebenzisa indlela ye-no-dig ecaleni kwe-mulching, ngoko ke izityalo zakho ziya kukwazi ukufikelela emanzini kunye nezondlo ezinzulu emhlabeni. Kungenxa yokuba akuyi kubakho i-compact layers, kwaye izinto eziphilayo emhlabeni ziya kudala isakhiwo esigqibeleleyo somhlaba.

Njengoko izinto eziphilayo zihamba emhlabeni, zivula i-pores kwaye zenze i-aggregates. La ngamaqela amasuntswana amancinane ancamathelene kunye nezinto eziphilayo kwaye asebenza okweziponji ezincinci, ezibambe amanzi emhlabeni. Imingxuma ivumela ukujikeleza komoya kunye nokuhamba kwamanzi kwiingqimba zomhlaba.

Ingca ebekwe emhlabeni njenge mulch ikhusela amaqunube kwaye inokukhusela umhlaba ekulahlekeni kokufuma.

Ukugquma kwakhona kwenza umaleko womqobo phezu komhlaba. Amanzi ayakuthi afunxeke ngokulula kwisigcina-kufuma se-compost aze avaleleke ngaphantsi, nto leyo enciphisa ilahleko yamanzi ngokuba ngumphunga kumphezulu womhlaba.

Unokwenza isigcina-kufuma ngezinye izinto ezifana neendiza, iinkuni zomthi we-arborist, ixolo, iinaliti zompayina, okanye iziqwenga zengca eziya kunceda ukuvala ukufuma. Inokuba yingxaki ukuba imozulu iqale ukuba manzi kwakhona. Kukho ezinye ii-mulch ezenziwe ngenjongo kwiimarike ezisebenza kakuhle, nazo kodwa zigweme ukusebenzisa ii-mulch ezenziwe ngamaplanga kwiigadi zemifuno.

Ukuzalisa zonke izikhewu phakathi kwezityalo nezinye izityalo kunceda ukunciphisa ukulahleka kwamanzi emhlabeni.

Ukunyusa uxinano lweZityalo ukuNciphisa ilahleko yaManzi

Amanzi ahlala elahleka emagqabini ezityalo nakumphezulu womhlaba ngenxa yenkqubo yokumka komphunga. Okukhona kufudumala, kokukhona amanzi aya kulahleka. Izityalo zilungelelaniswa ukunciphisa umphunga ovela emagqabini kwiimeko ezomileyo, kwaye ziyakwazi ukwenza umthunzi phantsi komhlaba, okuya kunciphisa ukulahlekelwa kwamanzi emhlabeni.

Njengabagadi begadi, sinokusebenzisa izityalo ukunciphisa umphunga. Ukutyala izityalo ngokusondeleleneyo kunganceda ukwenza umthunzi womhlaba. Oko kuthetha ukuba amanzi asemhlabeni ayafumaneka kwizityalo endaweni yokuba abe ngumphunga lilanga. Nokuvumela ukhula ukuba lugcwalise izithuba phakathi kwezityalo zasegadini kunokunceda ukunciphisa uxinzelelo kumhlaba kunye nokulahleka kwamanzi.

Sinokusebenzisa iqabane lokutyala ukwenza isigqubuthelo somhlaba. Izityalo ezikhula kancinci ezifana ne-alyssum eswiti ziyakunciphisa ukuvela komphunga emhlabeni kwaye zincede ukutsala izinambuzane eziluncedo kwigadi yakho. I-squash kunye ne-zucchini nazo zinokuzalisa le ndima ngokutyala ngaphantsi kwezityalo ezide.

Amaqabunga amakhulu e-Zucchini anomthunzi ngokupheleleyo umhlaba kwaye ancede ukunciphisa ukulahleka kwamanzi

Sinkcenkceshelwa nini Isitiya Ngexesha Lembalela

Ixesha lokunkcenkceshela libalulekile xa kufikelelwa ekongeni amanzi. Ukuba sinkcenkceshela ngexesha lobushushu bemini, amanzi amaninzi aya kulahleka ngenxa yokuba ngumphunga ngaphambi kokuba afikelele kwizityalo zethu. Elona xesha lilungileyo lokunkcenkceshela ngexesha lembalela yinto yokuqala kusasa. Nkcenkceshela phambi kokuba ilanga lifike kwindawo yemifuno. Oku kunokuba yinto ekhohlisayo ehlotyeni kwiindawo eziphezulu xa kukhanya kwangoko. Kodwa ukunkcenkceshela kwangaphambili kuya kuzisa amanzi kwizityalo zakho, njengoko ziqala ukukha amanzi ngeengcambu zazo.

Ukuba awukwazi ukunkcenkceshela into yokuqala ekuseni, ngokuhlwa lelona xesha lilungileyo. Oku kusebenza ngcono kumhlaba onodongwe olunzima okanye umhlaba otyebileyo kwizinto eziphilayo ezinokubamba ukufuma kakuhle. Ukuba usebenza ngomhlaba oyisanti, mhlawumbi ngamanzi kuqala okanye ucinge ngenye yeendlela zokunkcenkceshela ezichazwe ngezantsi.

Imidiliya esempilweni ikhula ngoncedo lokunkcenkceshela nge-drip line (ityhubhu emnyama)

Indlela yokunkcenkceshela ngokufanelekileyo iGadi

Enye yezona zinto zibalulekileyo malunga nendlela yokulima imifuno ngexesha lembalela kukusebenzisa amanzi onawo ngokufanelekileyo. Ukuba unenkqubo yokuqokelela amanzi emvula, kufuneka uwagcine amanzi athile ukuba kukho izithintelo zamanzi ezikhoyo. Noko ke, uya kufuna ukusebenzisa amanzi onawo ngobulumko. Oko kuthetha ukunqanda izitshizi kuba amanzi atshizwe emoyeni okanye emagqabini aya kuba ngumphunga ngokukhawuleza.

Kungcono ukunkcenkceshela nzulu nangaphantsi rhoqo kunokunkcenkceshela kaninzi. Oku kungenxa yokuba olu hlobo lokunkcenkceshela luyakukhuthaza ukukhula kweengcambu ezinzulu. Ngoko ke, ukuba unkcenkceshela ngesandla, zama ukunkcenkceshela ngokuthe ngqo kwingcambu yesityalo kwaye unike isityalo ngasinye i-soak efanelekileyo. Oku kufuneka kuhlale ixesha elide kunokunkcenkceshela ngokukhawuleza kwaye kuya kubeka izityalo zakho ukuba zihlale ixesha elide phakathi kokunkcenkceshela.

Xa unkcenkceshela, qiniseka ukuba uyenza nzulu kwaye ujonge ukunkcenkceshela kusasa okanye ngokuhlwa

Olunye ukhetho oluhle lokunkcenkceshela ngexesha lembalela kukusebenzisa umbhobho wesoaker. Le mibhobho ingena amanzi iza kugalela amanzi emhlabeni ngokucothayo, idala imeko-bume efumileyo kumphakamo weengcambu kwaye iwugcine umhlaba ufumile ngokufaka igalelo elincinane kakhulu lamanzi. Bankcenkceshela ngempumelelo izityalo zakho ngelixa usebenzisa amanzi amancinci.

Inkqubo yokuthontsiza iya kuvelisa iziphumo ezifanayo kodwa ifuna umsebenzi onzima kakhulu ukuyiseka. Amanzi ahanjiswa ngokuthe ngqo kwiingcambu kwindlela yokunkcenkceshela ngethontsi, ngoko ke isebenzisa amanzi amancinci nangaphantsi kwepayipi le-soaker.

Bukela le vidiyo ingentla ukuze ufunde malunga nendlela yokusebenzisa i-ollas

Ukusebenzisa i-Ollas ukunciphisa ukusetyenziswa kwamanzi

An kuba sisitya seterracotta osingcwaba ngaphantsi komhlaba kufutshane nalapho uceba ukutyala izityalo uze uwugcwalise ngamanzi. Xa ukulima imifuno kwiimeko zembalela, zinokusindisa ubomi! Indlela esebenza ngayo kukuba i-terracotta iyangena, ngoko ke amanzi aya kuhamba ngokuthe ngcembe kwiindonga ze-olla. Iingcambu zezityalo zikhula kwi-olla kwaye zisele ngokuthe ngqo embizeni kunye nomhlaba omanzi ojikelezayo. Bubuchule bokulima bamandulo obusasetyenziswa kwiindawo ezibharhileyo kwihlabathi jikelele.

Ukusebenzisa ii-ollas kunciphisa ilahleko yamanzi ngokuba ngumphunga womphezulu kwaye kuhambisa amanzi ezingcanjini ngesantya esicothayo nesizinzileyo, esilungele izityalo zakho. Kuya kufuneka ugcwalise ii-ollas zakho zonke iintsuku ezimbalwa, kuxhomekeke kwiimeko kunye nobukhulu be-olla yakho.

I-olla enye inokukhonza izityalo ezininzi kwindawo ekufutshane. Okona kulungileyo, akufuneki ukuba zifakwe imibhobho kwaye ayifuni mandla! Oko kubenza ukhetho olukhulu kubo iibhedi eziphakanyisiweyo kunye nezabelo. Gqiba nje i-olla emhlabeni uze utyale ngeenxa zonke kuwo. Cinga ukuba inkulu kangakanani inkqubo yeengcambu zesityalo, nangona-izityalo ezincinci aziyi kukwazi ukungena kwi-olla ukuba uzityala kude kakhulu.

Iipani zidinga ukuzaliswa rhoqo emva kweentsuku ezimbalwa kwaye ziya kunceda ukugcina izityalo ziphila kwiimeko ezomileyo.

Sebenzisa Ilaphu Lomthunzi Ukukhusela Izityalo kwimbalela

Ilaphu lomthunzi sisixhobo esiluncedo, ngakumbi kwizityalo ezikhula kwiindawo zokugcina izityalo. Ngexesha lembalela, amagqabi alahlekelwa ngamanzi ngokukhawuleza xa enokukhanya kwelanga kuwo. Ngoko ke, ngokufaka umbala kwizityalo zakho nje kancinci usebenzisa ilaphu lomthunzi, unokunciphisa ubungakanani bamanzi alahlekileyo kwaye, ngoko ke, umthamo wamanzi ofunekayo ukugcina isityalo sakho sonwabile.

Ungasebenzisa ilaphu le-Shade ngaphandle, kodwa ligxumeke ngandlel' ithile kunokuba ligqunywe phezu kwesityalo. Ngezindlu zokugcina izityalo kunye neepolytunnels, kuqhelekile ukukrazula ilaphu lakho lomthunzi ukusuka eluphahleni ngaphakathi okanye uligqume ngaphezulu kwesakhiwo.

Ilaphu lomthunzi linokugqunywa kwiindawo ezikhulayo ngaphandle okanye zibekwe ngaphezulu, okanye ngaphakathi, ii-greenhouses kunye neepolytunnels. Umthombo womfanekiso

Ukulinywa kwemifuno kwiiMeko zembalela

Ukulima imifuno kwiimeko zembalela kunokwenzeka ngocwangciso oluphambili oluncinci. Kwakhona, khumbula ukuba igadi esele yenziwe kakuhle iya kuba lula ukuyigcina ngexesha elomileyo kunegadi entsha. Qwalasela ukusebenzisa izityalo ezingamaqabane, ukukhulisa izityalo ezikwaziyo ukumelana nembalela, kuquka imifuno engapheliyo kunye neziqhamo, nokusebenzisa iindlela zokonga amanzi egadini. Iimulchi, imibhobho yesoaker, kunye nogcino lwamanzi konke kunokwenza umahluko ekubeni negadi eninzi. Ukufumana inkuthazo engakumbi yokulima, jonga ezi ngcamango:

Amanqaku Umdla